Special meanings of Cantonese surnames 賴 [laai6] and 屈 [wat1]

Special meanings with Cantonese surnames 賴 [laai6] and 屈 [wat1]

Are you picking a Cantonese name for yourself?  Do you know Cantonese surnames 賴 [laai6] and 屈 [wat1] can be used as an idiomatic expression for sarcasm?  Learn the special meaning of Cantonese surnames 賴 [laai6] and 屈 [wat1] before you use them in your name.

Special meaning of Cantonese surnames 賴 [laai6]

When 賴 [laai6] is used as a verb, it means to blame somebody and deny one’s responsibility.

nei5 ji1 gaa1 laai6 ngo5 aa4?

你依家賴我呀?

Are you blaming me now?

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Noun Verb Noun Particle
Words in sentence 依家

Particle 呀 [aa4] is used to ask the listener to confirm a statement.  Read Unit 8 Lesson 6 to learn more.

Since 賴 [laai6] can also be used as a surname, a question deliberately asking whether one’s surname is 賴 [laai6] or not implies the person being asked are blaming others.

nei5 sing3 laai6 gaa4?

你姓賴㗎?

Is your surname Laai? (Implied meaning: You are blaming others and denying your responsibility.)

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun Particle
Words in sentence

You can also imply that meaning by asking people to change their surname to 賴 [laai6].

nei5 m4 hou2 goi2 sing3 laai6?

你唔好改姓賴?

Why don’t you change your surname to Laai? (Implied meaning: You are blaming others and denying your responsibility.)

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Adverb Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence 改姓賴

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure  Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate 1 Predicate 2 Object 2
Part of speech Noun Verb Verb Noun
Words in sentence /

Special meaning of Cantonese surnames 屈 [wat1]

When 屈 [wat1] is used as a verb, it means to falsely accuse someone.

nei5 ji1 gaa1 wat1 ngo5 aa4?

你依家屈我呀?

Are you falsely accusing me now?

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Noun Verb Noun Particle
Words in sentence 依家

Similar to the usage of 賴 [laai6], since 屈 [wat1] can also be used as a surname, a question deliberately asking whether one’s surname is 屈 [wat1] or not implies the person being asked are falsely accusing someone.

nei5 sing3 wat1 gaa4?

你姓屈㗎?

Is your surname Wat? (Implied meaning: You are falsely accusing someone.)

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun Particle
Words in sentence

Again, you can also imply that meaning by asking people to change their surname to 屈 [wat1].

nei5 bat1 jyu4 goi2 sing3 wat1 laa1!

你不如改姓屈啦!

Change your surname to Wat! (Implied meaning: You are falsely accusing someone.)

Type of sentence structure Predicative expressions in series
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate 1 Predicate 2 Object 2 Particle
Part of speech Noun Adverb Verb Verb Noun Particle
Words in sentence 不如

Reference

  1. 粵典。「賴
  2. 粵典。「屈

That’s it for this lesson on the special meaning of Cantonese surnames 賴 [laai6] and 屈 [wat1]!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

2 thoughts on “Special meanings with Cantonese surnames 賴 [laai6] and 屈 [wat1]”

  1. This is very difficult. Some impressions are implied and not literal tranlations. I did not know the Chinese language have sarcasm or play with words. I cannot read most Chinese lettering, but I understand more.

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