Cantonese grammar 噃

U7L5 Cantonese grammar 噃 [bo3]

In this lesson, the grammar of 噃 [bo3] in Cantonese will be introduced.  噃 [bo3] is a particle(助詞)that can be used in imperative sentence(祈使句)for providing advices or opinions or it can be used to show your realization on something you did not know previously.

Usage 1 of 噃 [bo3] in Cantonese grammar

噃 [bo3] is used to provide advices or opinions that are originally unknown to the listener(or perceived unknown to the listener by the speaker).

je4 je2 zek3 ji5 m4 hai6 hou2 hou2 bo3

爺爺隻耳唔係好好噃。

The ears of your grandfather are suffering from hearing-impairment.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Adverb Linking verb Clause Particle
Words in sentence 爺爺隻耳 好好

 

Types of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate
Part of speech / Adverb Adjective
Words in sentence /

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 爺爺隻
Head

 

nei5 gei3 dak1 saan1 coeng1 bo3

你記得閂窗噃。

Remember to close the window.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Clause Particle
Words in sentence 記得 閂窗

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Verb Noun
Words in sentence /

 

go2 bou6 din6 waa2 hou2 gwai3 bo3

嗰部電話好貴噃。

That phone is expensive.

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Particle
Part of speech Noun Adverb Adjective Particle
Words in sentence 嗰部電話

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 嗰部
Head 電話

 

haa6 go3 sing1 kei4 nei5 jiu3 haau2 si3 bo3

下個星期你要考試噃。

You have to take an exam next week.

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Particle
Part of speech Noun Sentence Particle
Words in sentence 下個星期 你要考試

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Verb
Words in sentence 考試

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 下個
Head 星期

 

Usage 2 of 噃 [bo3] in Cantonese grammar

噃 [bo3] can also be used to show your realization on something that you originally don’t know.

Nei5 zan1 hai6 hou2 lek1 bo3

你真係好叻噃。

You are really talented (and I don’t realize that until now).

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Particle
Part of speech Noun Adverb Adjective Particle
Words in sentence 真係; 好

 

nei5 bou6 ce1 zan1 hai6 hou2 leng3 bo3

你部車真係好靚噃。

Your car is really beautiful (and I don’t realize that until now).

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Particle
Part of speech Noun Adverb Adjective Particle
Words in sentence 你部車 真係; 好

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head 部車

 

Gam1 jat6 tin1 hei3 zan1 hai6 hou2 hou2 bo3

今日天氣真係好好噃。

The weather today is really good (and I don’t realize that until now).

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Particle
Part of speech Noun Adverb Adjective Particle
Words in sentence 今日天氣 真係; 好

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 今日
Head 天氣

 

Hai6 bo3!gam1 jat6 jiu3 haau2 si3 bo3

係噃!今日要考試噃。

Oh yes! We have an exam today (and I don’t realize that until now).

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Verb Particle
Words in sentence 今日 考試

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head

 

Reference

  1. 鄧思穎(2017)。粤語語法講義。香港:商務印書館,頁 257

That’s it for this lesson on the grammar of 噃 [bo3] in Cantonese!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

2 thoughts on “U7L5 Cantonese grammar 噃 [bo3]”

  1. Hi, thank you always for the good lessons.
    Actually I couldn’t listen to all audios in this page so I am letting you to know through here.
    (both from iPhone safari and PC Chrome I couldn’t listen anything on this page, while I could listen audios in other pages.)
    Will be happy if you will check when you can, 麻煩你,唔該。

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