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U7L5 Cantonese grammar 噃 [bo3]

In this lesson, the grammar of 噃 [bo3] in Cantonese will be introduced.  噃[bo3] is a particle(助詞)that can be used in imperative sentence(祈使句)for providing advices or opinions or it can be used to show your realization on something you did not know previously.

Usage 1 of 噃 [bo3] in Cantonese grammar

噃[bo3] is used to provide advices or opinions that are originally unknown to the listener(or perceived unknown to the listener by the speaker).

je4 je2 zek3 ji5 m4 hai6 hou2 hou2 bo3

爺爺隻耳唔係好好噃。

The ears of your grandfather are suffering from hearing-impairment.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbLinking verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence爺爺隻耳好好

 

Types of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicate
Part of speech/AdverbAdjective
Words in sentence/

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier爺爺隻
Head

 

nei5 gei3 dak1 saan1 coeng1 bo3

你記得閂窗噃。

Remember to close the window.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence記得閂窗

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

go2 bou6 din6 waa2 hou2 gwai3 bo3

嗰部電話好貴噃。

That phone is expensive.

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence嗰部電話

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier嗰部
Head電話

 

haa6 go3 sing1 kei4 nei5 jiu3 haau2 si3 bo3

下個星期你要考試噃。

You have to take an exam next week.

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounSentenceParticle
Words in sentence下個星期你要考試

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbVerb
Words in sentence考試

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier下個
Head星期

 

Usage 2 of 噃 [bo3] in Cantonese grammar

噃[bo3] can also be used to show your realization on something that you originally don’t know.

Nei5 zan1 hai6 hou2 lek1 bo3

你真係好叻噃。

You are really talented (and I don’t realize that until now).

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence真係; 好

 

nei5 bou6 ce1 zan1 hai6 hou2 leng3 bo3

你部車真係好靚噃。

Your car is really beautiful (and I don’t realize that until now).

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence你部車真係; 好

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head部車

 

Gam1 jat6 tin1 hei3 zan1 hai6 hou2 hou2 bo3

今日天氣真係好好噃。

The weather today is really good (and I don’t realize that until now).

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence今日天氣真係; 好

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier今日
Head天氣

 

Hai6 bo3!gam1 jat6 jiu3 haau2 si3 bo3

係噃!今日要考試噃。

Oh yes! We have an exam today (and I don’t realize that until now).

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbVerbParticle
Words in sentence今日考試

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

Reference

  1. 鄧思穎(2017)。粤語語法講義。香港:商務印書館,頁 257

That’s it for this Cantonese grammar lesson!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

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