Remember Hong Kong

Remember the heroic deed of the brave sacrificed themselves in The Battle of Hong Kong.

U7L2 Cantonese grammar 好 [hou2]

U7L2 Cantonese grammar 好 [hou2]

In this lesson, the grammar of 好 [hou2] in Cantonese will be introduced.  Since Unit 1 Lesson 3, we have been using 好 [hou2] as an adverb(副詞), yet it can be used as an auxiliary verb(助動詞)too.  Its meaning is similar with 應該 [jing1 goi1] and they are interchangeable in following example sentences.  When 好 is used as an auxiliary verb, its object has to be a verb that describes an action being done intentionally by the subject.

Usage 1 of auxiliary verb 好 [hou2] in Cantonese grammar

好 [hou2] can be used in an imperative sentence(祈使句)to demand and order listeners to do something; the speaker usually expects that to be done in a very short period of time.

Under this usage, 好 [hou2] has to be used with a particle(助詞)喇 [laa3].  The particle 喇 [laa3] will be explained in a future lesson.

nei5 hou2 zau2 laa3

你好走喇。

You should go.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbVerbParticle
Words in sentence

 

nei5 hou2 sau1 seng1 laa3

你好收聲喇。

You should shut up.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbVerbParticle
Words in sentence收聲

 

nei5 hou2 cung1 loeng4 laa3

你好沖涼喇。

You should bath.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbVerbParticle
Words in sentence沖涼

 

nei5 hou2 zou6 gung1 fo3 laa3

你好做功課喇。

You should do homework

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence做功課

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/功課

 

Usage 2 of auxiliary verb 好 [hou2] in Cantonese grammar

Besides, 好 can be used to demand and order listeners to do something after a designated situation has arose.   Under this usage as well, 好 has to be used with a particle 喇 [laa3].

nei5 dei6 bat1 zo2 jip6 zau6 hou2 wan2 gung1 laa3

你哋畢咗業就好搵工喇。

You should find a job after you had graduated.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechClauseAdverbAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence你哋畢咗業搵工

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speechNounVerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence你哋

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

git3 zo2 fan1 zau6 m4 hou2 zoi3 kau1 neoi5 laa3

結咗婚就唔好再溝女喇。

You should not flirt girls again after you were married.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechClauseAdverbAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence結咗婚就; 唔再溝女

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speech/VerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence/

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speech/AdverbVerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

soeng5 gan2 tong4 zau6 hou2 teng1 syu1 laa3

上𡁵堂就好聽書喇。

You should listen to the lecture when you are having lesson.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechClauseAdverbAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence上𡁵堂聽書

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speech/VerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence/𡁵

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

Usage 3 of auxiliary verb 好 [hou2] in Cantonese grammar

好 [hou2] can also be used to blame the listener that he did not do something, even he himself knew that thing should be done(or the speaker perceived that the listener knew that thing should be done).

Under this usage, 好 has to be used with a particle 啦 [laa1].

nei5 soeng6 sing1 kei4 dak1 haan4 zau6 hou2 wan2 ngo5 laa1

你上星期得閒就好搵我啦。

You should find me when you were free last week.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechClauseAdverbAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence你上星期得閒搵我

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicate
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjective
Words in sentence上星期得閒

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

nei5 fong3 zo2 gung1 zau6 hou2 faan1 uk1 kei2 laa1

你放咗工就好返屋企啦。

You should go home when you have finished working.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechClauseAdverbAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence你放咗工返屋企

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speechNounVerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/屋企

Reference

  1. 蔣旻正(2015。粵語“好”的一些語言特點。

That’s it for this lesson on the grammar of 好 [hou2] in Cantonese!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

Leave a Reply

  • Newsletters

    Sign up and subscribe our newsletters for lessons and products update, promotional offers and giveaway

  • ×

    Cart

    Sign up and subscribe our newsletters for lessons and products update, promotional offers and giveaway