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U1L7 Cantonese grammar 會 [wui5]

U1L7 Cantonese grammar 會 [wui5]

In this lesson, the grammar of auxiliary verb(助動詞)會 [wui5] in Cantonese will be introduced.  To express an action will be carried out in the future, you need to use 會 [wui5] as the predicate of a sentence.  You can revise auxiliary verb (助動詞)in Unit 1 Lesson 6.  The sentence structure being used in this lesson would be in the structure of subject-predicative(主謂式) or predicative-object (謂賓式).

Ngo5 wui5 heoi3

我會去。

am going to go.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Verb

Words in sentence

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Subject-predicative

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Part of speech

/

Verb

Words in sentence

/

 

Ngo5 wui5 sik6 faan6

我會食飯。

I am going to eat. 

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

食飯

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

 

Ngo5 wui5 zou6 gung1 fo3

我會做功課。

I am going to do the homework.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

做功課

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

功課

gung1 jan4 wui5 zyu2 faan6

工人會煮飯。

The housekeeper will cook.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

工人

煮飯

Table of contents

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

aa3 maa1 wui5 maai5 sung5

阿媽會買餸。

Mum will do the grocery.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

阿媽

買餸

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

keoi5 ting1 jat6 wui5 zou6 waan6 dung6

佢聽日會做運動。

She will exercise tomorrow.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

聽日

做運動

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

運動

ngo5 dei6 dang2 zan6 wui5 jat1 cai4 daa2 gei1

我哋等陣會一齊打機。

We will play video games together later.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Adverb

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

等陣

一齊打機

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Adverb

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

一齊

Negating

To negate these sentences, if there is no adverb in that sentence, you can simply negate with adverb(副詞)唔 [m4]; if there is any adverb or predicative suffix(謂詞詞尾), you have to use auxiliary verb 係 [hai6] with 唔 [m4] to negate the sentence.

Ngo5 m4 wui5 faan1 hok6

我唔會返學。

I will not go to school.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Adverb

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

返學

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

 

Keoi5 m4 wui5 faan1 gung1

唔會返工。

He/she will not work.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Adverb

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

返工

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

 

keoi5 m4 hai6 ting1 jat6 wui5 zou6 waan6 dung6

佢唔係聽日會做運動。

She will not exercise tomorrow.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Adverb

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

聽日會做運動

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

/

聽日

做運動

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

運動

 

gung1 jan4 m4 wui5 zyu2 faan6

工人唔會煮飯。

The housekeeper will not cook.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Adverb

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

工人

煮飯

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

 

That’s it for this lesson on the grammar of 會 [wui5] in Cantonese!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

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