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U3L9 Cantonese grammar 為咗 [wai6 zo2]

In this lesson, grammar of preposition(介詞)為咗 [wai6 zo2] in Cantonese will be introduced.  為咗[wai6 zo2] is a preposition and it is used to indicate something is done for somebody or something; the 咗[zo2] of 為咗 is not the predicative suffix(謂詞詞尾)咗[zo2].

Using 為咗 [wai6 zo2] in Cantonese grammar

Again, 為咗 [wai6 zo2] follows all the rules of using prepositions in the structure of predicative expression in series(連謂式)and it can only be used as the first predicate in the structure of predicative expression in series.

Ngo5 wai6 zo2 zi6 gei2 ge3 si6 jip6 hei1 saang1 zo2 zi6 gei2 ge3 ceng1 ceon1

我為咗自己嘅事業犧牲咗自己嘅青春。

I have sacrificed my youth for my own career.

Type of sentence structure Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Object 1Predicate 2Predicative suffixObject 2
Part of speechNounPrepositionNounVerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence為咗自己嘅事業犧牲自己嘅青春

 

Object 1 of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier自己
Head事業

 

Object 2 of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier自己
Head青春

 

Ngo5 wai6 zo2 neoi5 pang4 jau5 mui5 jat6 faan1 saam1 fan6 gung1 wan2 cin2

我為咗女朋友每日返三份工搵錢。

I work three jobs every day for earning money for my girlfriend.

Type of sentence structure Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Object 1Adverbial 2Predicate 2Object 2Predicate 3Object 3
Part of speechNounPrepositionNounNounVerbNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence為咗女朋友每日三份工

 

Object 2 of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier三份
Head

 

Go2 go3 jing1 jung5 ge3 gwan1 jan4 wai6 zo2 zi6 gei2 ge3 gwok3 gaa1 hei1 saang1 zo2 zi6 gei2 tiu4 meng6

嗰個英勇嘅軍人為咗自己嘅國家犧牲咗自己條命。

That brave soldier has sacrificed his life for his country.

Type of sentence structure Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Object 1Predicate 2Predicative suffixObject 2
Part of speechNounPrepositionNounVerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence嗰個英勇嘅軍人為咗自己嘅國家犧牲自己條命

 

Subject of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier嗰個英勇
Head軍人

 

Object 1 of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier自己
Head國家

 

Object 2 of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier自己條
Head

 

You can also use a clause or a complete sentence as the object of 為咗 [wai6 zo2] for describing the purpose of your action more clearly.

ngo5 wai6 zo2 ho2 ji5 sing4 wai4 wan6 dung6 jyun4 mui5 jat6 nou5 lik6 lin6 zaap6

我為咗可以成為運動員每日努力練習。

I practiced hard every day for becoming an athelete.

Type of sentence structure Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Object 1Adverbial 2Predicate 2
Part of speechNounPrepositionClauseNoun; AdverbVerb
Words in sentence為咗可以成為運動員每日; 努力練習

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbClause
Words in sentence/可以成為運動員

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/成為運動員

 

ngo5 wai6 zo2 neoi5 pang4 jau5 ho2 ji5maai5 sau2 doi2 mui5 jat6 faan1 saam1 fan6 gung1 wan2 cin2

我為咗女朋友可以買手袋每日返三份工搵錢。

I work three jobs every day for earning money for my girlfriend to buy her purses.

Type of sentence structure Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Object 1AdverbialPredicate 2Object 2Predicate 3Object 3
Part of speechNounPrepositionSentenceNounVerbNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence為咗女朋友可以買手袋每日三份工

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence女朋友可以買手袋

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/手袋

 

Go2 go3 jing1 jung5 ge3 gwan1 jan4 wai6 zo2 bou2 wu6 zi6 gei2 ge3 gwok3 gaa1 hei1 saang1 zo2 zi6 gei2 tiu4 meng6

嗰個英勇嘅軍人為咗保護自己嘅國家犧牲咗自己條命。

That brave soldier has sacrificed his life for protecting his country.

Type of sentence structure Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Object 1Predicate 2Predicative suffixObject 2
Part of speechNounPrepositionClauseVerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence嗰個英勇嘅軍人為咗保護自己嘅國家犧牲自己條命

 

Ngo5 wai6 zo2 ho2 ji5 waan4 jau4 sai3 gaai3 cou3 zo2 jat1 baak3 maan6

我為咗可以環遊世界措咗一百萬。

I have saved a million for traveling around the world.

Type of sentence structure Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Object 1Predicate 2Predicative suffixObject 2
Part of speechNounPrepositionClauseVerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence為咗可以環遊世界一百萬

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbClause
Words in sentence/可以環遊世界

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/環遊世界

 

Reference

  1. 張洪年(2007)。香港粤語語法的研究(增訂版)。香港:中文大學出版社,頁 407

That’s it for this lesson on the grammar of 為咗 [wai6 zo2] in Cantonese!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

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