Days
Hours
Minutes
Seconds

Remember the heroic deed of the brave.  Get Hong Kong Legend: John Robert Osborn with 50% discount now.

U4L1 Cantonese grammar 開 [hoi1]

U4L1 Cantonese grammar 開 [hoi1]

In this lesson, grammar of 開 [hoi1] in Cantonese will be introduced.

Grammar of 開 [hoi1]

開 [hoi1] is a predicative suffix(謂詞詞尾)that indicates an action is used to be done by the subject(主語).  Similar with other predicative suffix, 開 [hoi1] is used after the predicate and it cannot be used with any other predicative suffix in the same sentence.

Siu2 ming4 waan2 hoi1 ni1 zung2 jau4 hei3

小明玩開呢種遊戲。

Siu Ming is used to playing this game.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speechNounVerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence小明呢種遊戲

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier呢種
Head遊戲

 

Ngo5 sik6 hoi1 ni1 zung2 tong2

我食開呢種糖。

I am used to eating this candy.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speechNounVerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence呢種糖

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier呢種
Head

 

Ngo5 dei6 jat1 cai4 heoi3 zo2 ngo5 dei6 heoi3 hoi1 go2 gaan1 caan1 teng1 sik6 faan6

我哋一齊去咗我哋去開嗰間餐廳食飯。

We went to the restaurant where we are used to having meal.

Type of sentence structurePredicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicate 1Predicative suffixObject 1Predicate 2Object 2
Part of speechNounAdverbVerbPredicative suffixNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence我哋一齊我哋去開嗰間餐廳

 

Object 1 of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier我哋去開嗰間
Head餐廳

 

Keoi5 dei6 heoi3 zo2 heoi3 hoi1 go2 gaan1 hei3 jyun2 tai2 hei3

佢哋去咗去開嗰間戲院睇戲。

They went to the cinema that they are used to going.

Type of sentence structurePredicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Predicative suffixObject 1Predicate 2Object 2
Part of speechNounVerbPredicative suffixNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence佢哋去開嗰間戲院

 

Object 1 of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier去開嗰間
Head戲院

 

Ngo5 heoi3 hoi1 go2 gaan1 pou3 tau2 gam1 jat6 mou5 hoi1 mun4

我去開嗰間鋪頭今日冇開門。

The store I am used to going did not open today.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speechNounNounAuxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence我去開嗰間鋪頭今日開門

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

Subject of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier我去開嗰間
Head鋪頭

 

Gan1 geoi3 nei5 se2 hoi1 ge3 fong1 faat3,ngo5 se2 zo2 fan6 bou3 gou3

根據你寫開嘅方法,我寫咗份報告。

I have written a report according to the way that you are used to writing.

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate
Part of speechNounSentence
Words in sentence根據你寫開嘅方法我寫咗份報告

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speechNounVerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence份報告

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head報告

 

 

Ngo5 waan2 hoi1 go2 go3 mou4 jing4 laan6 zo2

我玩開嗰個模型爛咗。

The model I am used to playing has broken.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffix
Part of speechNounAdjectivePredicative suffix
Words in sentence我玩開嗰個模型

 

Subject of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier我玩開嗰個
Head模型

Reference

  1. 鄧思穎(2017)。粤語語法講義。香港:商務印書館,頁 87-89

That’s it for the lesson on Cantonese grammar of 開 [hoi1]!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

Leave a Reply

  • Newsletters

    Sign up and subscribe our newsletters for lessons and products update, promotional offers and giveaway

  • ×

    Cart

    Sign up and subscribe our newsletters for lessons and products update, promotional offers and giveaway