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U1L2 Cantonese grammar 係 [hai6]

Welcome to the first lesson of Cantonese grammar(廣東話文法)!  In this lesson, sentence structure subject-predicative(主謂式)and the grammar of 係 [hai6] in Cantonese will be introduced. Subject-predicative(主謂式) In Cantonese, there are 7 basic sentence structures.  In this lesson, the most basic sentence structure, subject-predicative(主謂式)will be introduced.  Only a subject(主語)and a predicate(謂語)is needed for constructing this sentence structure.…

U1L3 Adjectives in Cantonese(形容詞)

In this lesson, adjectives (形容詞) in Cantonese will be introduced.  To use adjective to describe the subject, you can just use the adjective as the predicate, according to the structure of subject-predicative (主謂式). Using Adjectives in Cantonese ngo5 fei4 我肥。 I am fat. Types of sentence structure Subject-predicative Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Part of…

U1L4 Cantonese grammar 𡁵 [gan2]

In this lesson, the grammar of verb(動詞)and 𡁵 [gan2] in Cantonese will be introduced. Intransitive verb Being similar with English, Cantonese has a division of transitive and intransitive verb.  Structure of subject-predicative(主謂式)is used when an intransitive verb is used as predicate. Ngo5 heoi3 我去。 I go. Types of sentence structure Subject-predicative Functions in sentence Subject…

U1L7 To carry out an action in the future 會[wui5]

  Introduction In this Cantonese grammar lesson, auxiliary verb(助動詞)會[wui5] will be introduced.  To express an action will be carried out in the future, you need to use 會[wui5] as the predicate of a sentence.  You can revise auxiliary verb(助動詞)in Unit 1 Lesson 6.  The sentence structure being used in this lesson would be in the structure…

U1L8 Using a complete sentence as an object

Introduction In previous lesson, you have learnt how to use noun(名詞), verb(動詞), adjective(形容詞) and clause(分句)as an object of a sentence.  In this lesson, we are going to learn how to use a full sentence(完整句子)as an object of a sentence.   Using a full sentence as an object A full sentence is a clause that possess…

U1L9 Cantonese grammar 咗 [zo2]

In this lesson, grammar of 咗 [zo2] in Cantonese will be introduced. Grammar of 咗 [zo2] in Cantonese 咗[zo2] is a predicative suffix(謂詞詞尾)and it is used to indicate an action has been completed. Ngo5 sik6 zo2 faan6 我食咗飯。 I have eaten the meal. Type of sentence structure Predicative-object Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Predicative suffix Object…

U1L10 Cantonese grammar 過 [gwo3]

In this lesson, grammar of 過 [gwo3] in Cantonese will be introduced. Grammar of 過 [gwo3] in Cantonese 過 [gwo3] is a predicative suffix(謂詞詞尾)and it can be used to indicate that the subject had an experience of doing something. Ngo5 hok6 gwo3 gwong2 dung1 waa2 我學過廣東話。 I have learnt Cantonese before. (I had the experience…

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