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U10L1 Predicative-complement(謂補式)

  In this Cantonese grammar lesson, predicative-complement(謂補式)and resultative complement(結果補語)will be introduced.  Being similar with predicative expression in series(連謂式), predicative-complement is created by combining two predicates(謂語)together, with the second predicate called complement(補語).  For the difference between predicative expression in series and predicative-complement, predicative expression in series may combine more than two predicates yet predicative-complement can only…

U10L2 Phase complement(狀態補語)

  In this Cantonese grammar lesson, phase complement(狀態補語)will be introduced.  Phase complement(狀態補語)is used to represent a few special states achieved by the predicate and it can only be created with the following 4 words.  These words do not have any part of speech and their usages are completely independent. Phase complements Usages 着[zoek6] To indicate…

U10L3 Intensifying complement(強化補語)

  In this Cantonese grammar lesson, intensifying complement(強化補語)死[sei2] and  透[tau3] will be introduced.  Intensifying complement is used for exaggerating a verb or an adjective; the translation of a sentence using intensifying complement is more or less the same with a sentence that uses adverbial(狀語)to exaggerate. ngo5 hou2 hoi1 sam1 我好開心。(Adverbial) I am very happy. ngo5…

U10L4 Descriptive complement(描寫補語)

  In this Cantonese grammar lesson, descriptive complement(描寫補語)will be introduced.  Descriptive complement(描寫補語)is used to describe the status or the result of the action.  In order to use this complement, 得 [dak1], which does not have any part of speech, has to be attached right after the verb.  There are 4 possible structures for using descriptive…

U10L5 Complement of extent(程度補語)

  In this Cantonese grammar lesson, complement of extent(程度補語)will be introduced.  Complement of extent(程度補語)are used to describe the extent of an action or a state.  Whenever this complement is used, 到[dou3], which does not have any part of speech, has to be attached right after the predicate.  Many crazy and exaggerating metaphors in Cantonese are…

U10L6 Directional complement(方向補語)

Introduction In this Cantonese grammar lesson, directional complement(方向補語)will be introduced.  Directional complement is a type of complement that indicates the direction of an action.  There are 3 categories of directional complement.  As each category has different properties and they can be combined based on a certain pattern, you should memorize which category does each directional…

U10L8 Potential complement(能性補語)

  In this Cantonese grammar lesson, the method of creating potential complement(能性補語)with 得[dak1] will be introduced.  Potential complement is a complement that indicates something is possible to happen or it is allowed to be done.  Unlike any other complement(補語)that you have learnt previously, potential complement is created by inserting 得[dak1] in between the predicate(謂語)and the…

U10L9 Recovery complement(回復補語)

Being similar with potential complement(能性補語), recovery complement(回復補語)is created by inserting 翻[faan1] in between the predicate(謂語)and the complement(補語)of a sentence that structured according to predicative-complement(謂補式).  The 翻[faan1] here does not have any part of speech. Recovery complement can be used to indicate something returns to its original location or state as the consequence of an action.…

U10L10 Bound phrase complement(黏附性詞組補語)

Introduction Bound phrase complement(黏附性詞組補語)is a type of complement that cannot be separated from the rest of the sentence with a punctuation(標點符號)or a particle(助詞); you should not make any pause between the bound phrase complement and the rest of the sentence in speaking. There are several words that can be used in bound phrase complement with…

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