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U2L1 Cantonese grammar 喺 [hai2] and 响 [hoeng2]

In this lesson, the grammar of 喺[hai2] and 响[hoeng2] will be introduced.  The classes of 喺 are overlapped and it can be used as a verb(動詞)or a preposition(介詞).  The difference between preposition and verb in Cantonese will be explained clearly in Unit 3 Lesson 2.  Beware that this word looks very similar with the linking…

U2L3 Subordination (偏正式)

In this lesson, ​subordination(偏正式)will be introduced.  Subordination is a structure that allows a noun(名詞)to be modified by another word.   The noun being modified is called “the head” and the modifying noun is called “the modifier”; the modifier would precede the head. Structure of subordination The modifier(修飾語) + the head(端語)   The followings are the usages…

U2L4 Cantonese grammar 嘅 [ge3] Part 1

In this lesson, the grammar of using 嘅 [ge3] in Cantonese will be introduced.  In the previous lesson, we have learnt how to use counters(量詞)and numbers(數詞)to modify and indicate the amount of a noun according to the structure of subordination(偏正式).  In this lesson, we are going learn how to use a noun to modify another…

U2L5 Describing the status and the features of a noun 嘅[ge3]

Introduction In this Cantonese grammar lesson, the usage of using 嘅[ge3] to describe the status and the feature of a noun will be introduced.  In previous lessons, we have learnt that we can use numbers(數詞)and noun(名詞)to describe a noun with 嘅[ge3] by following the structure of subordination(偏正式).  In this lesson, we are going to learn…

U2L6 Telling time in Cantonese

In this lesson, the way of telling time in Cantonese will be introduced.  You can tell time in Cantonese by putting numbers(數詞) in front of time words(時間詞)according to the structure of subordination(偏正式). Telling time in Cantonese with time words(時間詞) Time words Meanings 秒 [miu5] second 分鐘 [fan1 zung1] minute 點 [dim2] hour 號 [hou6] day…

U2L7 Describing time and location(時候/地方)

Introduction In this Cantonese grammar lesson, two useful nouns, 時候[si4 hau6] and 地方[dei6 fong1], will be introduced.  Both 時候[si4 hau6] means "time" and 地方[dei6 fong1] means "place".  As the subject can be used to represent the time or the place for for the predicate to happen, these two words are usually used as the subject(主語)of…

U2L8 Cantonese grammar 呢 [ni1] and 嗰 [go2]

In this lesson, the grammar of 呢 [ni1] and 嗰 [go2] in Cantonese will be introduced.  呢 [ni1] and 嗰 [go2] are used to describe a noun and they mean this and that respectively. Grammar of 呢 [ni1] and 嗰 [go2] 呢 [ni1] and 嗰 [go2] are demonstrative determinatives(指示性定詞), which is a type of determinative(定詞)for…

U2L9 Quantitative determinatives(數量性定詞)

Introduction In this Cantonese grammar lesson, quantitative determinatives(數量性定詞)will be introduced.  Quantitative determinatives are used to represent a vague estimation or an unspecific number, instead of an exact number.  Similar with other determinatives, you have to attach them to other words in order to use them in a sentence, and these determinatives are mostly added to…

U2L10 Specifying determinatives(特指性定詞)

Introduction Specifying determinatives(特指性定詞)are determinatives for specifying a noun(名詞).  Similar with other determinatives, you have to attach them to other words in order to use them in a sentence.  These determinatives are usually added to counters(量詞)by following the structure of subordination(偏正式). Specifying Determinative Meaning 每 [mui5] Every 各 [gok3] Each (Formal) 本 [bun2] This (Formal) 某…

U2L13 Reference(指稱)

Introduction If a speaker is referring to a specific one when he talks about a noun, that noun possesses definite reference(確定指稱); if the speaker is not referring to a specific one but that noun in general, that noun possesses indefinite reference(不定指稱).  Basically, this concept is the same with definite (the) and indefinite (a/an) article in English…

U2L14 Cantonese grammar of cognate object (同指賓語)

In this lesson, the grammar of cognate object (同指賓語)in Cantonese will be introduced.  Similar with English, verb(動詞)in Cantonese can be classified into transitive and intransitive verbs.   Transitive verbs can take an object and intransitive verbs cannot take an object but a cognate object.  Cognate object (同指賓語)is an object that can be used with intransitive verbs for indicating…

U2L15 To describe transient words(過渡詞)

Introduction As we have learnt in previous lessons, determinatives(定詞)are used to modify a noun.  Nevertheless, they can be modified too, according to the structure of subordination(偏正式).  Words that are described by determinatives is called transient words(過渡詞) and they can be further modified.  In this lesson, we are going to learn using nouns, verbs, adjectives and full…

U2L16 Contraction related with 嘅[ge3]

Introduction In this Cantonese grammar lesson, contraction related with 嘅[ge3] will be introduced.  Since Unit 2 Lesson 5, we have learnt how to use 嘅[ge3] in subordination(偏正式)to modify a noun(名詞); in Unit 1 Lesson 2, we have also learnt how to use 係[hai6] to indicate the subject(主語)equals with the object(賓語)based on subject-predicative(主謂式).  When we are…

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