U7L1 Imperative sentence(祈使句)

In this Cantonese grammar lesson, imperative sentence(祈使句)will be introduced.  Imperative sentence is a sentence that gives out an order or a suggestion.  There are a few rules you can follow for creating an imperative sentence.  First of all, you have to use a verb(動詞)as the predicate of that sentence and it has to be a…

U7L2 Cantonese grammar 好 [hou2]

In this lesson, the grammar of 好 [hou2] in Cantonese will be introduced.  Since Unit 1 Lesson 3, we have been using 好 [hou2] as an adverb(副詞), yet it can be used as an auxiliary verb(助動詞)too.  Its meaning is similar with 應該 [jing1 goi1] and they are interchangeable in following example sentences.  When 好 is…

U7L3 Cantonese grammar 啦 [laa1]

In this lesson, the grammar of particle(助詞)and particle 啦 [laa1] in Cantonese will be introduced.  What is particle in Cantonese? Particle(助詞)is always located at the very end of a sentence and independent from all sentence structure.  It is the most difficult grammar concept for foreigner to master due to its complexity and the need of…

U7L4 Cantonese grammar 喎 [wo3/wo4/wo5]

In this lesson, the grammar of 喎 [wo3/wo4/wo5] in Cantonese will be introduced.  Particle(助詞)喎 [wo3/wo4/wo5] can only be used in imperative sentence(祈使句).  It is used to make a suggestion indirectly by restating a fact that the speakers have previously seen, heard, felt or experienced.  The meanings of 喎 would change depending on its tone and…

U7L5 Cantonese grammar 噃 [bo3]

In this lesson, the grammar of 噃 [bo3] in Cantonese will be introduced.  噃 [bo3] is a particle(助詞)that can be used in imperative sentence(祈使句)for providing advices or opinions or it can be used to show your realization on something you did not know previously. Usage 1 of 噃 [bo3] in Cantonese grammar 噃 [bo3] is…

U7L6 Cantonese grammar 罷啦 [baa2 laa1]

In this lesson, the grammar of particle(助詞) 罷啦 [baa2 laa1] in Cantonese will be introduced.  罷啦 [baa2 laa1] is a particle with two syllables.  The rules for using 罷啦 is very strict.  First of all, the subject of sentence described by 罷啦 has to be a human that can do something consciously. Secondly, the predicate…

U7L7 Cantonese grammar 咧 [le4]

In this lesson, the grammar of particle(助詞) 咧 [le4] in Cantonese will be introduced.  咧 [le4] is a particle that is extremely similar with particle 罷啦 [baa2 laa1] and it has two usages too. Below are the rules of using 咧.  First of all, the subject of sentences described by 咧 have to be a…

U7L8 Cantonese grammar 好過 [hou2 gwo3]

In this lesson, the grammar of particle(助詞) 好過 [hou2 gwo3] in Cantonese will be introduced.  好過 [hou2 gwo3] is a particle for persuading the listener by saying something is better than something else.  As particle 好過 [hou2 gwo3] is created by combining adjective(形容詞)好 [hou2] and phase complement(狀態補語)過 [gwo3] together, its meaning is the combination of…

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