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U8L1 Specified Interrogative sentences(特指問句)

  In this Cantonese grammar lesson, interrogative sentences(疑問句)and specified interrogative sentences(特指問句)will be introduced.  In Cantonese, there are four types of interrogative sentences(疑問句)and they are created in a different structure. Types of Interrogative sentence Specified Interrogative sentences(特指問句) Disjunctive question(選擇問句)   Yes-no question(是非問句)   Affirmative-negative question(正反問句)   Specified interrogative sentences(特指問句) Specified interrogative sentences are created by inserting…

U8L2 Disjunctive question(選擇問句)

  In this Cantonese grammar lesson, disjunctive question(選擇問句)will be introduced.  Disjunctive question(選擇問句)is created by combining two or more sentences into one according to the structure of compound sentences(並列句)and it is asking for listener's choice between those provided options.  You can revise compound sentences in Unit 6 Lesson 2.  The following words are used to connect two…

U8L3 Yes-no question(是非問句)

Introduction In this Cantonese grammar lesson, yes-no question(是非問句)will be introduced.  Unlike other interrogative sentences(疑問句), Yes-no question(是非問句)is a type of question that is created simply by using a particle(助詞)in the end of a sentence; you don't need and you cannot use any interrogative pronoun(疑問代詞)in a yes-no question.  As you have not learnt about particles that can…

U8L4 Affirmative-negative question(正反問句)

  In this Cantonese grammar lesson, affirmative-negative question(正反問句)will be introduced.  Affirmative-negative question(正反問句)is actually a disjunctive question(選擇問句)that offers the positive and the negative side of an action instead of offering two different options; it is asking the listener to choose either the positive or the negative side of that action. nei5 ting3 jat6 soeng2 m4 soeng2…

U8L5 Cantonese grammar 啊 [aa3]

In this lesson, the grammar of particle(助詞) 啊 [aa3] in Cantonese will be introduced.  Particle 啊 [aa3] is used to soften a sentence; it can be used to soften interrogative sentences(疑問句), imperative sentences(祈使句)and descriptive sentences(陳述句).  Since particle 啊 [aa3] can be used in all kind of sentences, it is the particle with highest frequency in…

U8L6 Cantonese grammar 呀 [aa4]

In this lesson, the grammar of particle(助詞) 呀 [aa4] in Cantonese will be introduced.  Unlike the 啊 [aa3] that you have learnt in previous lesson, 呀 [aa4] can only be used in yes-no question(是非問句). Grammar of using 呀 [aa4] in Cantonese Particle 呀 [aa4] is used to ask the listener confirming an information, as the…

U8L7 Cantonese grammar 咩 [me1]

In this lesson, grammar of 咩 [me1] in Cantonese will be introduced.  咩 [me1] is a particle(助詞)and it can be used to create a rhetorical question or to show your surprise.  You can only use 咩[me1] in the yes-no question(是非問句). Usage 1 of 咩 [me1] in Cantonese grammar Particle(助詞)咩 [me1] can be used in a…

U8L9 Cantonese grammar 嘅 [ge2]

In this lesson, the grammar of particle(助詞) 嘅 [ge2] in Cantonese will be introduced.  嘅 [ge2] is used for asking why in Cantonese. 嘅 [ge2] is used in specified interrogative sentences(特指問句) and it can only be used with interrogative pronoun(疑問代詞)點解 [dim2 gaai2] and 做乜 [zou6 mat1].  Do not confuse this 嘅 [ge2] with 嘅 [ge3],…

U8L10 Cantonese grammar 先 [sin1]

In this lesson, the grammar of particle(助詞) 先 [sin1] in Cantonese will be introduced.  Particle 先 [sin1] can be used as a particle or an adverb(副詞).  As a particle, despite its meanings would change slightly depending on the type of sentence used with it, they are still circling around "doing something first"; 先 [sin1] can…

U8L11 Cantonese grammar 呢 [ne1]

In this lesson, the grammar of particle(助詞) 呢 [ne1] in Cantonese will be introduced.  In general, 呢 [ne1] is a particle for directing focus towards a subject that is different from previous statements.  呢 [ne1] can be used in an exclamation sentence(感嘆句)and an interrogative sentence(疑問句).  Do not confuse particle 呢 [ne1] with demonstrative determinatives(指示性代詞)呢 [ni1].…

U8L12 Cantonese grammar 㗎 [gaa3/ gaa4]

In this lesson, the grammar of particle(助詞)  㗎 [gaa3/ gaa4] in Cantonese will be introduced.  Back in Unit 2 Lesson 4, you have learnt using 嘅[ge3] in subordination(偏正式); you have also learnt using particle(助詞)啊[aa3] in Unit 8 Lesson 5 and particle 呀[aa4] in Unit 8 Lesson 6. When the head(端語)of subordination is being omitted due…

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