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Common greetings for different festivals in Cantonese(祝福語)

Common greetings for different festivals in Cantonese(祝福語)

You may have learnt different greeting expressions(祝福語)in Cantonese previously, but do you know what grammar is used to construct those expressions?  In this lesson, those construction will be explained.

 

These are the common greetings in Cantonese on festivals or on special days.

 

Common greetings for different festivals or special days
On ChristmasOn someone’s birthday

sing3 daan3 faai3 lok6

聖誕快樂

Merry Christmas

saang1 jat6 faai3 lok6

生日快樂

Happy birthday

On Valentine’s DayOn the New Year’s Eve

cing4 jan4 zit3 faai3 lok6

情人節快樂

Happy Valentine’s Day

san1 nin4 faai3 lok6

新年快樂

Happy New Year

On EasterOn Father’s Day

fuk6 wut6 zit3 faai3 lok6

復活節快樂

Happy Easter

fu6 can1 zit3 faai3 lok6

父親節快樂

Happy Father’s Day

On Mother’s DayOn Children’s Day

mou5 can1 zit3 faai3 lok6

母親節快樂

Happy Mother’s Day

ji4 tung4 zit3 faai3 lok6

兒童節快樂

Happy Children’s Day

On Mid-Autumn Festival

zung1 cau1 zit3 faai3 lok6

中秋節快樂

Happy Mid-Autumn Festival

On Lunar New Year

gung1 hei2 faat3 coi4

恭喜發財

May prosperity be with you

daai6 gat1 daai6 lei6

大吉大利

May good fortune be with you

faai3 gou1 zoeng2 daai6

快高長大

May you grow up fast and strong

hok6 jip6 zeon3 bou6

學業進步

May you excel in your studies

maan6 si6 jyu4 ji3

萬事如意

May everything go as you wish

si6 si6 jyu4 ji3

事事如意

May everything go as you wish

cing1 ceon1 soeng4 zyu3

青春常駐

May your young always be with you

lung4 maa5 zing1 san4

龍馬精神

May you be as energetic as dragons and horses

gaa1 fei4 nguk1 jeon6

家肥屋潤

May your home be filled with prosperity and wealth

hap6 gaa1 ping4 ngon1

闔家平安

May your whole family be safe and sound

san1 tai2 gin6 hong1

身體健康

May you be healthy

sam1 soeng2 si6 sing4

心想事成

May all your wishes come true

 

All of the above expressions can be said alone.  Nevertheless, the following sentences are also commonly said if you want to express yourself better or if you want to be more specific on who is the one you want to bless; these sentences are created in the structure of pivotal construction(兼語式) according to its first usage.

With that being said, 恭喜發財[gung1 hei2 faat3 coi4] is usually not used in the following structure; it sounds redundant as 恭喜 and 祝[zuk1] have a very similar meanings.

zuk1 daai6 gaa1 sing3 daan3 faai3 lok6

祝大家聖誕快樂。

I wish you all a Merry Christmas.

Type of sentence structurePivotal construction
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePivotPredicate
Part of speech/VerbNounNoun
Words in sentence/大家聖誕快樂

 

zuk1 nei5 sam1 soeng2 si6 sing4

祝你心想事成。

I wish all your wishes come true.

Type of sentence structurePivotal construction
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePivotPredicate
Part of speech/VerbNounNoun
Words in sentence/心想事成

 

zuk1 nei5 saang1 jat6 faai3 lok6

祝你生日快樂。

I wish you have a happy birthday.

Type of sentence structurePivotal construction
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePivotPredicate
Part of speech/VerbNounNoun
Words in sentence/生日快樂

 

That’s it for this lesson!

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