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How to ask how much in Cantonese?
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How to ask how much in Cantonese?

Have you ever been to wet market in Hong Kong?  Do you know how to ask how much in Cantonese?  You can use 幾錢 [gei2 cin2] as an interrogative pronoun to form such question.  幾 [gei2] is a specifying determinative(特指性代詞)and it is used to modify 錢 [cin2] here according to subordination(偏正式).

Asking how much in Cantonese: 幾錢[gei2 cin2]

m4 goi1, ni1 bun2 syu1 gei2 cin2 aa3?

唔該,呢本書幾錢啊?

Excuse me, how much is this book?

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounNounParticle
Words in sentence呢本書幾錢

 

Particle(助詞)啊 [aa3] can be used to soften a sentence.  To learn more about particle 啊[aa3], you may refer to Unit 7 Lesson 9, Unit 8 Lesson 5 and Unit 12 Lesson 1.

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier呢本
Head

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

To learn more about using 幾多 [gei2 do1] and 幾 [gei2] in subordination(偏正式)and their difference, you may refer to Unit 8 Lesson 1.

Other than using 幾錢 [gei2 cin2], you can also use 幾多錢 [gei2 do1 cin2] to ask how much in Cantonese.

m4 goi1,ngo5 soeng2 man6 haa5 ni1 go3 gei2 do1 cin2 aa3?

唔該,我想問吓呢個幾多錢啊?

Excuse me, I would like to ask that how much is this book?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence問吓呢個幾多錢

 

想 [soeng2] can be used as a verb(動詞)and an auxiliary verb(助動詞).  To learn more about auxiliary verb(助動詞)想 [soeng2], you may refer to Unit 1 Lesson 6.

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speech/VerbPredicative suffixSentence
Words in sentence/呢個幾多錢

 

To learn more about predicative suffix(謂詞詞尾)吓 [haa5], you may refer to Unit 4 Lesson 6.

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate
Part of speechNounNoun
Words in sentence呢個幾多錢

 

To learn more about demonstrative determinatives(指示性定詞)呢 [ni1], you may refer to Unit 2 Lesson 8.

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier幾多
Head

 

m4 goi1,ngo5 soeng2 man6 haa5 go2 bui1 syut3 gou1 gei2 cin2 aa3?

唔該,我想問吓嗰杯雪糕幾錢啊?

Excuse me, I would like to ask that how much is that cup of ice cream?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence問吓嗰杯雪糕幾錢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speech/VerbPredicative suffixSentence
Words in sentence/嗰杯雪糕幾錢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate
Part of speechNounNoun
Words in sentence嗰杯雪糕幾錢

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier嗰杯
Head雪糕

 

To learn more about demonstrative determinatives(指示性定詞)嗰 [go2], you may refer to Unit 2 Lesson 8.

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

m4 goi1,ngo5 soeng2 man6 haa5 ni1 go3 sai1 gwaa1 gei2 cin2 aa3?

唔該,我想問吓呢個西瓜幾錢啊?

Excuse me, I would like to ask that how much is this watermelon?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence問吓呢個西瓜幾錢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speech/VerbPredicative suffixSentence
Words in sentence/呢個西瓜幾錢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate
Part of speechNounNoun
Words in sentence呢個西瓜幾錢

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier呢個
Head西瓜

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

That’s it for this lesson and now you know how to ask how much in Cantonese!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

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