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How to say cold in Cantonese?
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How to say cold in Cantonese?

Have you ever watched movies in cinema in Hong Kong before?  Cinemas in Hong Kong are always freezing due to the high power air conditioning.  Do you know how to express how cold you feel and ask the staff to turn down the air conditioning?  In this lesson, you will learn how to say cold in Cantonese.

Cold in Cantonese: 凍 [dung3]

Adjective(形容詞) 凍 [dung3] means cold in Cantonese.

hou2 dung3 aa3!

好凍啊!

It is very cold!

Types of sentence structureSubject-predicate
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speech/AdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence/

Particle(助詞) 啊 [aa3] is used for soften a sentence.  It always sounds much more natural to use a particle than omitting one in Cantonese.  To learn more about particle 啊 [aa3], please refer to Unit 12 Lesson 1.

gam1 jat6 hou2 dung3 aa3!

今日好凍啊!

Today is very cold!

Types of sentence structureSubject-predicate
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence今日

 

ni1 dou6 go3 laang5 hei3 dung3 dou3 ngo5 fei1 hei2 laa3!

呢度個冷氣凍到我飛起喇!

The air conditioning here is freezing me up! (Literal meaning: the air conditioning here is cold to an extent that I would fly.)

Type of sentence structurePredicate-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplement
Part of speechNounAdjective; /Sentence
Words in sentence呢度個冷氣凍; 到我飛起

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier呢度個
Head冷氣

 

Complement of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicate-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplement
Part of speechNounVerbVerb
Words in sentence

 

gaa1 naa4 daai6 ge3 dung1 tin1 zan1 hai6 hou2 dung3 gaa3。

加拿大嘅冬天真係好凍㗎。

The winter in Canada is really cold.

Types of sentence structureSubjective-predicate
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence加拿大嘅冬天真係; 好

Particle(助詞)㗎 [gaa3] is the combination of 嘅 [ge3] and particle 啊 [aa3].  To learn more about particle 㗎 [gaa3], please refer to Unit 8 Lesson 12.

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier加拿大
Head冬天

Reference

  1. 粵典。「凍

That’s it for this lesson on how to say cold in Cantonese!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

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