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The Single Braid

Brace yourself up and learn Cantonese through Hong Kong’s urban legend.

How to say family in Cantonese?

Do you know how to say family in Cantonese?  In this lesson, you will learn how to say family in Cantonese and the difference between noun 家庭 [gaa1 ting4] and 一家人 [jat1 gaa1 jan4]

Family in Cantonese: 家庭 [gaa1 ting4]

Noun(名詞) 家庭 [gaa1 ting4] means family in Cantonese.

ngo5 soeng2 jau5 zi6 gei2 ge3 gaa1 ting4。

我想有自己嘅家庭。

I want to have my own family.

Type of sentence structurePredicate-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence有自己嘅家庭

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicate-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/自己嘅家庭

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier自己
Head家庭

 

ngo5 dei6 dou3 dai2 dim2 sin1 wui5 jau5 go3 hang6 fuk1 ge3 gaa1 ting4 ne1?

我哋到底點先會有個幸福嘅家庭呢?

What should we do to have a happy family?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentence
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueTrue
Words in sentence我哋到底點先會有個幸福嘅家庭呢

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicate
Part of speechNounAdverbPro-verb
Words in sentence我哋到底

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speech/AdverbVerbClauseParticle
Words in sentence/有個幸福嘅家庭

Family in Cantonese: 一家人 [jat1 gaa1 jan4]

一家人 [jat1 gaa1 jan4] also means family in Cantonese.  It is usually referring to families not defined by blood.

ngo5 dei6 hai6 jat1 gaa1 jan4 lai4 gaa3 maa3!

我哋係一家人嚟㗎嘛!

We are a family!

Types of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounLinking verbNounParticle
Words in sentence我哋一家人嚟; 㗎嘛

 

seoi1 jin4 ngo5 dei6 mou5 hyut3 jyun4 gwaan1 hai6,daan6 hai6 ngo5 dong3 nei5 dei6 hai6 jat1 gaa1 jan4 gaa3。

雖然我哋冇血緣關係,但係我當你哋係一家人㗎。

Although we do not have any blood relation, I treat you all as a family.

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceComplex sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueFalseTrue
Words in sentence雖然我哋冇血緣關係但係我當你哋係一家人㗎

但係 [daan6 hai6] means but in Cantonese.  Read Unit 6 Lesson 5 to learn more.

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceConjunctionSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechConjunctionNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence雖然我哋血緣關係

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceConjunctionSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechConjunctionNounVerbSentenceParticle
Words in sentence但係你哋係一家人

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicate-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounLinking verbNoun
Words in sentence你哋一家人

Reference

  1. 粵典。「家庭

That’s it for this lesson on how to say family in Cantonese!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

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