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How to say happy new year in Cantonese?

How to say happy new year in Cantonese?

A new year is coming.  Do you know how to say happy new year in Cantonese?

Happy new year in Cantonese

Happy new year in Cantonese is 新年快樂[san1 nin4 faai3 lok6], and it can be used in both New Year(新年)and Lunar New Year(農曆新年).

san1 nin4 faai3 lok6!

新年快樂!

Happy new year!

Other common greetings

Other than happy new year, prepare yourself with these greetings for receiving more red packets 利是[lai6 si6] during Lunar New Year!  These greetings cannot be used in New Year.

Common greetings On Lunar New Year

gung1 hei2 faat3 coi4

恭喜發財

May prosperity be with you

daai6 gat1 daai6 lei6

大吉大利

May good fortune be with you

faai3 gou1 zoeng2 daai6

快高長大

May you grow up fast and strong

hok6 jip6 zeon3 bou6

學業進步

May you excel in your studies

maan6 si6 jyu4 ji3

萬事如意

May everything go as you wish

si6 si6 jyu4 ji3

事事如意

May everything go as you wish

cing1 ceon1 soeng4 zyu3

青春常駐

May your young always be with you

lung4 maa5 zing1 san4

龍馬精神

May you be as energetic as dragons and horses

gaa1 fei4 nguk1 jeon6

家肥屋潤

May your home be filled with prosperity and wealth

hap6 gaa1 ping4 ngon1

闔家平安

May your whole family be safe and sound

san1 tai2 gin6 hong1

身體健康

May you be healthy

sam1 soeng2 si6 sing4

心想事成

May all your wishes come true

 

All of the above expressions can be said alone.  Nevertheless, the following sentences are also commonly said if you want to express yourself better or if you want to be more specific on who is the one you want to bless; these sentences are created in the structure of pivotal construction(兼語式) according to its first usage.

With that being said, 恭喜發財[gung1 hei2 faat3 coi4] is usually not used in the following structure; it sounds redundant as 恭喜 and 祝[zuk1] have a very similar meanings.

zuk1 daai6 gaa1 hok6 jip6 zeon3 bou6

祝大家學業進步。

I wish you all excel in your studies .

Type of sentence structurePivotal construction
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePivotPredicate
Part of speech/VerbNounNoun
Words in sentence/大家學業進步

 

zuk1 nei5 sam1 soeng2 si6 sing4

祝你心想事成。

I wish all your wishes come true.

Type of sentence structurePivotal construction
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePivotPredicate
Part of speech/VerbNounNoun
Words in sentence/心想事成

 

zuk1 nei5 san1 tai2 gin6 hong1

祝你身體健康。

I wish you be healthy.

Type of sentence structurePivotal construction
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePivotPredicate
Part of speech/VerbNounNoun
Words in sentence/身體健康

 

zuk1 nei5 cing1 ceon1 soeng4 zyu3,sam1 soeng2 si6 sing4

祝你青春常駐,心想事成。

I wish your young always be with you and your wishes come true.

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueTrue
Words in sentence祝你青春常駐心想事成

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePivotal construction
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePivotPredicate
Part of speech/VerbNounNoun
Words in sentence/青春常駐

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate
Part of speech/Noun
Words in sentence/心想事成

 

zuk1 nei5 san1 nin4 faai3 lok6,gung1 hei2 faat3 coi4

祝你新年快樂,恭喜發財。

I wish you have a happy new year, and may prosperity be with you.

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueTrue
Words in sentence祝你新年快樂恭喜發財

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePivotal construction
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePivotPredicate
Part of speech/VerbNounNoun
Words in sentence/新年快樂

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate
Part of speech/Noun
Words in sentence/恭喜發財

 

zuk1 nei5 faai3 gou1 zoeng2 daai6,hok6 jip6 zeon3 bou6

祝你快高長大,學業進步。

I wish you grow up fast and strong, and excel in your studies

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueTrue
Words in sentence祝你快高長大學業進步

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePivotal construction
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePivotPredicate
Part of speech/VerbNounNoun
Words in sentence/快高長大

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate
Part of speech/Noun
Words in sentence/學業進步

 

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