How to say “how are you” in Cantonese?
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How to say “how are you” in Cantonese?

 

In this Cantonese vocabulary lesson, the way of saying “how are you” in Cantonese will be introduced.  Apart from the basic greeting 你好[nei5 ho2], do you know other greetings in Cantonese?  Do you know how to say how are you in Cantonese?  If you don’t, this lesson is for you!  Pro-adjective(代形容詞)點[dim2]/ 點樣[dim2 joeng2] can be used to construct a question asking how are you.

nei5 gam1 jat6 dim2 aa3

你今日點啊?

How are you today?

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounNounPro-adjectiveParticle
Words in sentence今日

 

Particle(助詞)啊[aa3] can be used to soften a sentence.  To learn more about particle 啊[aa3], you may refer to Unit 7 Lesson 9, Unit 8 Lesson 5 and Unit 12 Lesson 1.

To learn more about pro-adjective(代形容詞)點[dim2]/ 點樣[dim2 joeng2], you may refer to Unit 5 Lesson 3.

nei5 gan6 paai2 dim2 aa3

你近排點啊?

How are you these days?

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounNounPro-adjectiveParticle
Words in sentence近排

 

nei5 zeoi3 gan6 dim2 joeng6 aa3

你最近點樣啊?

How are you these days?

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbPro-adjectiveParticle
Words in sentence最近點樣

 

nei5 gam1 jat6 gwo3 sing4 dim2 aa3

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你今日過成點啊?

How have you been today?

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounNounClauseParticle
Words in sentence今日過成點

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplement
Part of speech/VerbClause
Words in sentence/成點

 

成[sing4] is a bound phrase complement(黏附性詞組補語).  To learn more about bound phrase complement, you may refer to Unit 10 Lesson 12.

Complement of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/Auxiliary verbPro-adjective
Words in sentence/

 

nei5 zeoi3 gan6 gwo3 sing4 dim2 joeng6 aa3

你最近過成點樣啊?

How have you been these days?

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbClauseParticle
Words in sentence最近過成點

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplement
Part of speech/VerbClause
Words in sentence/成點

 

Complement of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/Auxiliary verbPro-adjective
Words in sentence/

 

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