How to say “I am sleepy” in Cantonese?
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How to say “I am sleepy” in Cantonese?

 

In this Cantonese vocabulary lesson, the adjective for describing someone as sleepy will be introduced.  Do you know how to say sleepy in Cantonese?  If you don’t, this lesson is for you!  You can use adjective(形容詞)眼瞓[ngaan5 fan3] to describe a person as sleepy.

ngo5 hou2 ngaan5 fan3 aa3

我好眼瞓啊。

I am very sleepy.

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence眼瞓

 

Particle(助詞)啊[aa3] can be used to soften a sentence.  To learn more about particle 啊[aa3], you may refer to Unit 7 Lesson 9, Unit 8 Lesson 5 and Unit 12 Lesson 1.

ngaan5 fan3 sei2 ngo5 laa3

眼瞓死我喇。

I am very sleepy.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplementParticle
Part of speechNounAdjectiveAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence眼瞓

 

死[sei2] is used here to form an intensifying complement(強化補語).  To learn more about intensifying complement, you may refer to Unit 10 Lesson 3.

ngo5 ji1 gaa1 ngaan5 fan3 dou3 ho2 ji5 zik1 hak1 fan3 zoek6 laa3

我依家眼瞓到可以即刻瞓着喇。

I am very sleepy now to the extent that I could sleep right away.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateComplementParticle
Part of speechNounNounAdjective; /ClauseParticle
Words in sentence依家眼瞓; 到可以即刻瞓着

 

Complement of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/Auxiliary VerbClause
Words in sentence/可以即刻瞓着

 

Complement of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateComplement
Part of speech/AdverbVerb/
Words in sentence/即刻
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jan1 wai6 ngo5 lin4 zuk6 tung1 zo2 loeng5 maan5 deng2,ji1 gaa1 ngaan5 fan3 dou3 zek3 ngaan5 dou1 maak3 m4 daai6

因為我連續通咗兩晚頂,依家眼瞓到隻眼都擘唔大。

Because I have stayed up two nights consecutively, I am now sleepy to the extent that I could not open my eyes.

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueTrue
Words in sentence因為我連續通咗兩晚頂依家眼瞓到隻眼都擘唔大

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceConjunctionSubjectAdverbialPredicatePredicative suffixCognate objectObject
Part of speechConjunctionNounAdverbVerbPredicative suffixNounNoun
Words in sentence因為連續兩晚

 

Cognate object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

To learn more about cognate object(同指賓語), you may refer to Unit 2 Lesson 14.

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate
Part of speechNounClause
Words in sentence依家眼瞓到隻眼都擘唔大

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplement
Part of speech/Adjective; /Sentence
Words in sentence/眼瞓; 到隻眼都擘唔大

 

Complement of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateComplement
Part of speechNounAdverbVerb; /Adjective
Words in sentence隻眼擘; 唔

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

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