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How to say I am tired in Cantonese?
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How to say I am tired in Cantonese?

Working in Hong Kong is not easy and working overtime is almost inevitable.  Tell your senior that you are very tired and you want to go home!  Do you know how to say tired in Cantonese?  In this lesson, adjectives that express tired in Cantonese will be introduced.

Tired in Cantonese: 攰 [gui6]

You can use adjective(形容詞)攰 [gui6] to describe a person as tired.

ngo5 hou2 gui6 aa3

我好攰啊。

I am very tired.

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence

 

Particle(助詞)啊 [aa3] can be used to soften a sentence.  To learn more about particle 啊 [aa3], you may refer to Unit 7 Lesson 9, Unit 8 Lesson 5 and Unit 12 Lesson 1.

gui6 sei2 ngo5 laa3

攰死我喇。

I am very tired.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplementParticle
Part of speechNounAdjectiveAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence

 

死 [sei2] is used here to form an intensifying complement(強化補語).  To learn more about intensifying complement, you may refer to Unit 10 Lesson 3.

ngo5 gam1 jat6 gui6 dou3 fei1 hei2 laa3

我今日攰到飛起喇。

I am very tired today to the extent that I would fly.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateComplementParticle
Part of speechNounNounAdjective; /ClauseParticle
Words in sentence今日攰; 到飛起

 

到 [dou3] is used here to form a complement of extent(程度補語).  To learn more about complement of extent, you may refer to Unit 10 Lesson 5.

Complement of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplement
Part of speech/VerbVerb
Words in sentence/

 

jan1 wai6 ngo5 zou6 zo2 sing4 jat6 je5,ji1 gaa1 gui6 dou3 juk1 m4 dou2 laa3

因為我做咗成日嘢,依家攰到郁唔倒喇。

Because I have worked for whole day, I am now tired to an extent that I cannot move.

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueTrue
Words in sentence因為我做咗成日嘢依家攰到郁唔倒喇

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceConjunctionSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixCognate objectObject
Part of speechConjunctionNounVerbPredicative suffixNounNoun
Words in sentence因為成日

 

Cognate object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

To learn more about cognate object(同指賓語), you may refer to Unit 2 Lesson 14.

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounClauseParticle
Words in sentence依家攰到郁唔倒

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplement
Part of speech/Adjective; /Clause
Words in sentence/攰; 到郁唔倒

 

Complement of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplement
Part of speech/Verb; //
Words in sentence/郁; 唔

Reference

  1. 粵典。「攰

That’s it for this lesson on how to say tired in Cantonese!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

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