Learn to ask question in Cantonese politely

How to politely ask a question in Cantonese?

Every book, website or Cantonese class will teach you how to form a question in Cantonese, but do you know how to politely ask a question in Cantonese?  Do you know how to make your question sounds softer?

In this lesson, basic expressions for asking a question politely in Cantonese will be introduced.

Politely ask a question in Cantonese: 我想問吓呢 [ngo5 soeng2 man6 haa5 ne1]

You can use verb 問 [man6] alongside predicative suffix(謂詞詞尾)吓 [haa5] to politely ask a question in Cantonese.  And of course, you have to say 唔該 [m4 goi1]!

m4 goi1,ngo5 soeng2 man6 haa5 ne1,jat1 zoeng1 jap6 coeng4 hyun3 gei2 cin2 aa3

唔該,我想問吓呢,一張入場券幾錢啊?

Excuse me, how much is a ticket?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentence Compound sentences
Components Sentence 1 Sentence 2 Sentence 3
True value True True Unknown
Words in sentence 唔該 我想問吓呢 一張入場券幾錢啊

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate
Part of speech / Verb
Words in sentence / 唔該

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Clause Particle
Words in sentence 問吓

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Predicative suffix
Part of speech / Verb Predicative suffix
Words in sentence /

To learn more about predicative suffix 吓[haa5], you may refer to Unit 4 Lesson 6.

Sentence 3 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Particle
Part of speech Noun Noun Particle
Words in sentence 一張入場券 幾錢

Particle(助詞)啊 [aa3] can be used to soften a sentence.  To learn more about particle 啊 [aa3], you may refer to Unit 7 Lesson 9, Unit 8 Lesson 5 and Unit 12 Lesson 1.

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 一張
Head 入場券

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head

 

Quantifying determinative(數量性定詞)幾 [gei2] can be used to modify a noun and create an interrogative pronoun.  To learn more about 幾 [gei2], you may refer to Unit 8 Lesson 1.

m4 goi1,ngo5 soeng2 man6 haa5 ne1,sai2 sau2 gaan1 hai2 bin1 dou6 aa3

唔該,我想問吓呢,洗手間喺邊度啊?

Excuse me, where is the toilet?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentence Compound sentences
Components Sentence 1 Sentence 2 Sentence 3
True value True True Unknown
Words in sentence 唔該 我想問吓呢 洗手間喺邊度啊

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate
Part of speech / Verb
Words in sentence / 唔該

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Clause Particle
Words in sentence 問吓

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Predicative suffix
Part of speech / Verb Predicative suffix
Words in sentence /

 

Sentence 3 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun Particle
Words in sentence 洗手間 邊度

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head

 

m4 goi1,ngo5 soeng2 man6 haa5 ne1,ji1 gaa1 gei2 do1 dim2 aa3?

唔該,我想問吓呢,依家幾多點啊?

Excuse me, what time is it now?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentence Compound sentences
Components Sentence 1 Sentence 2 Sentence 3
True value True True Unknown
Words in sentence 唔該 我想問吓呢 依家幾多點啊

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate
Part of speech / Verb
Words in sentence / 唔該

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Clause Particle
Words in sentence 問吓

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Predicative suffix
Part of speech / Verb Predicative suffix
Words in sentence /

 

Sentence 3 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Particle
Part of speech Noun Noun Particle
Words in sentence 依家 幾多點

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 幾多
Head

 

m4 hou2 ji3 si1 aa1,ngo5 soeng2 man6 haa5 ne1,bin1 dou6 jau5 gwai6 jun4 gei1 aa3?

唔好意思啊,我想問吓呢,邊度有櫃員機啊?

Excuse me, where is the ATM?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentence Compound sentences
Components Sentence 1 Sentence 2 Sentence 3
True value True True Unknown
Words in sentence 唔好意思啊 我想問吓呢 邊度有櫃員機啊

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Particle
Part of speech / Expression Particle
Words in sentence / 唔好意思

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Clause Particle
Words in sentence 問吓

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Predicative suffix
Part of speech / Verb Predicative suffix
Words in sentence /

 

Sentence 3 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Particle
Part of speech Noun Clause Particle
Words in sentence 邊度 有櫃員機

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Verb Noun
Words in sentence / 櫃員機

 

m4 hou2 ji3 si1 aa1,ngo5 soeng2 man6 haa5 ne1,go2 bou6 din6 nou5 gei2 cin2 aa3?

唔好意思啊,我想問吓呢,嗰部電腦幾錢啊?

Excuse me, how much is that computer?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentence Compound sentences
Components Sentence 1 Sentence 2 Sentence 3
True value True True Unknown
Words in sentence 唔好意思啊 我想問吓呢 嗰部電腦幾錢啊

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Particle
Part of speech / Expression Particle
Words in sentence / 唔好意思

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object Particle
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Clause Particle
Words in sentence 問吓

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Predicative suffix
Part of speech / Verb Predicative suffix
Words in sentence /

 

Sentence 3 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Particle
Part of speech Noun Noun Particle
Words in sentence 嗰部電腦 幾錢

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 嗰部
Head 電腦

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head

 

That’s it for this lesson on how to start a question politely in Cantonese!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

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