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The Single Braid

Brace yourself up and learn Cantonese through Hong Kong’s urban legend.

How to say ugly in Cantonese?

Do you know how to say ugly in Cantonese?  In this lesson, you will learn how to say ugly in Cantonese and the difference between Adjective(形容詞) 樣衰 [joeng2 seoi1], 醜 [cau2], 醜樣 [cau2 joeng2] and 醜怪 [cau2 gwaai3].

Ugly in Cantonese: 樣衰 [joeng2 seoi1]

Adjective 樣衰 [joeng2 seoi1] means ugly in Cantonese.  樣 [joeng2] here means face and appearance in general.

nei5 neoi5 pang4 jau5 gam3 joeng2 seoi1 ge2?

你女朋友咁樣衰嘅?

Why does your girlfriend look so ugly?

 

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence你女朋友樣衰

Particle(助詞) 嘅 [ge2] is used for asking why in Cantonese.  Read Unit 8 Lesson 9 to learn more.

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head女朋友

seoi1 jin4 keoi5 hai6 hou2 joeng2 seoi1,daan6 hai6 keoi5 hai6 go3 hou2 jan4 lai4 gaa3。

雖然佢係好樣衰,但係佢係個好人嚟㗎。

Although he looks ugly, he is a good man.

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceComplex sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueTrue
Words in sentence雖然佢係好樣衰但係佢係個好人嚟㗎

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceConjunctionSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechConjunctionNounAuxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence雖然好樣衰

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicate
Part of speech/AdverbAdjective
Words in sentence/樣衰

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceConjunctionSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechConjunctionNounLinking verbNounParticle
Words in sentence但係個好人嚟; 㗎

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head好人

Ugly in Cantonese: 醜 [cau2] and 醜樣 [cau2 joeng2]

Apart from 樣衰 [joeng2 seoi1], adjective 醜 [cau2] and 醜樣 [cau2 joeng2] also mean ugly in Cantonese.

nei5 neoi5 pang4 jau5 gam3 cau2 joeng2 ge2?

你女朋友咁醜樣嘅?

Why does your girlfriend look so ugly?

 

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence你女朋友醜樣

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head女朋友

seoi1 jin4 keoi5 hai6 hou2 cau2,daan6 hai6 keoi5 hai6 go3 hou2 jan4 lai4 gaa3。

雖然佢係好醜,但係佢係個好人嚟㗎。

Although he looks ugly, he is a good man.

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceComplex sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueTrue
Words in sentence雖然佢係好醜但係佢係個好人嚟㗎

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceConjunctionSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechConjunctionNounAuxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence雖然好醜

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicate
Part of speech/AdverbAdjective
Words in sentence/

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceConjunctionSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechConjunctionNounLinking verbNounParticle
Words in sentence但係個好人嚟; 㗎

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head好人

Ugly in Cantonese: 醜怪 [cau2 gwaai3]

Adjective 醜怪 [cau2 gwaai3] also means ugly in Cantonese.  Nevertheless, this word is usually used when talking with children.  It sounds quite cute(awkwardly cute) if you say this word to someone older.

nei5 waak6 waa2 waak6 dak1 gam3 cau2 gwaai3 ge2?

你畫畫畫得咁醜怪嘅?

Why do you draw so uglily?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplementParticle
Part of speechNounClauseClauseParticle
Words in sentence畫畫畫得咁醜怪

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

Complement of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-complement
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateComplement
Part of speech/Verb; /Clause
Words in sentence/畫; 得咁醜怪

 

Complement of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicate
Part of speech/AdverbAdjective
Words in sentence/醜怪

Reference

  1. 粵典。「醜
  2. 粵典。「醜怪
  3. 粵典。「樣衰

That’s it for this lesson on how to say ugly in Cantonese!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

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