U10L9 Recovery complement(回復補語)

Being similar with potential complement(能性補語), recovery complement(回復補語)is created by inserting 翻 [faan1] in between the predicate(謂語)and the complement(補語)of a sentence that structured according to predicative-complement(謂補式).  The 翻 [faan1] here does not have any part of speech.

Recovery complement can be used to indicate something returns to its original location or state as the consequence of an action.

 

Creating recovery complement from resultative complement(結果補語)

You can revise resultative complement(結果補語)at Unit 10 Lesson 1.

aa3 baa4 zing2 faan1 hou2 zi1 cin4 waai6 zo2 go2 bou6 din6 si6

阿爸整翻好之前壞咗嗰部電視。

Dad fixed the previously malfunctioned television.  (The television functions properly initially and it had gone down.  By fixing the television, it returns to its initial state)

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Clause Noun
Words in sentence 阿爸 整翻好 之前屋企壞咗嗰部電視

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 之前屋企壞咗嗰部
Head 電視

 

Predicate of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-complement
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Complement
Part of speech / Verb; / Adjective
Words in sentence / 整; 翻

 

gung1 jan4 jung6 ceoi4 zai2 dap6 faan1 sat6 sung1 zo2 ge3 deng1

工人用錘仔揼翻實鬆咗嘅釘。

The worker uses hammer to hammer down the loose nail firmly.  (The nail was secure initially and it had become loose.  By hammering down the nail, it returns to its initial state)

Type of sentence structure Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate 1 Object 1 Predicate 2 Object 2
Part of speech Noun Preposition Noun Clause Noun
Words in sentence 工人 錘仔 揼翻實 鬆咗嘅釘

 

Object 2 of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 鬆咗
Head

 

Predicate of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-complement
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Complement
Part of speech / Verb; / Adjective
Words in sentence / 揼; 翻

 

aa3 maa1 giu3 zo2 gung1 jan4 zing2 faan1 jit6 di1 tong1

阿媽叫咗工人整翻熱啲湯。

Mum asks the maid to reheat the soup.  (The soup was hot initially and it had become cold. By reheating the soup, it returns to its initial state)

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Predicative suffix Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Predicative suffix Sentence
Words in sentence 阿媽 工人整翻熱啲湯

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Clause Noun
Words in sentence 工人 整翻熱 啲湯

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head

 

Predicate of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-complement
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Complement
Part of speech / Verb; / Adjective
Words in sentence / 整; 翻

 

Creating recovery complement from phase complement(狀態補語)

You can revise phase complement(狀態補語)at Unit 10 Lesson 2.

keoi5 hoi1 faan1 zoek6 uk1 kei2 di1 dang1

佢開翻着屋企啲燈。

He turned the lights in his home on again.  (These lights were turned on initially and they had been turned off.  By turning them on again, it returns to its initial state)

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Clause Noun
Words in sentence 開翻着 屋企啲燈

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 屋企啲
Head

 

Predicate of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-complement
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Complement
Part of speech / Verb; / Verb
Words in sentence / 開; 翻

 

ngo5 dei6 gon2 faan1 hei2 nei5 cin4 jat6 jiu3 ngo5 dei6 zou6 go2 fan6 man4 gin2

我哋趕翻起你前日要我哋做嗰份文件。

We have rushed the document that you asked us to finish the day before yesterday.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Clause Noun
Words in sentence 我哋 趕翻起 你前日要我哋做嗰份文件

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 你前日要我哋做嗰份
Head 文件

 

Predicate of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-complement
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Complement
Part of speech / Verb; / Verb
Words in sentence / 趕; 翻

 

Creating recovery complement from directional complement(方向補語) 

You can revise directional complement(方向補語)at Unit 10 Lesson 6 and 7.

nei5 dei6 ji1 gaa1 ho2 ji5 hang4 faan1 jap6 uk1

你哋依家可以行翻入屋。

You can walk back to the house now.  (They were in the house initially and they had left there.  By walking back in again, they return to its initial location)

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Adverb Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence 你哋 依家 可以 行翻入屋

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Clause Noun
Words in sentence / 行翻入

 

Predicate of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-complement
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Complement
Part of speech / Verb; / Verb
Words in sentence / 行; 翻

 

lou5 si1 soeng2 hok6 saang1 daa2 faan1 hoi1 bun2 syu1

老師想學生打翻開本書。

The teacher wants student to reopen the book.  (The book was opened initially and it had been closed.  By opening the book again, it returns to its initial state)

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 老師 學生打翻開本書

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Clause Noun
Words in sentence / 打翻開 本書

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head

 

Predicate of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-complement
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Complement
Part of speech / Verb; / Verb
Words in sentence / 打; 翻

 

Reference

  1. 張洪年(2007)。香港粤語語法的研究(增訂版)。香港:中文大學出版社,頁 129-131
  2. 鄧思穎(2017)。粤語語法講義。香港:商務印書館,頁 89-91

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