U4L4 Predicative suffix 過[gwo3]

 

In this Cantonese grammar lesson, predicative suffix(謂詞詞尾)過[gwo3] will be introduced.  You have already learnt that 過[gwo3] can be used as a predicative suffix(謂詞詞尾) for indicating experiencing something in Unit 1 Lesson 10.  Nevertheless, 過 can also be used to indicate an action has to be carried out again, as something undesirable happened last time when this action was carried out; the redo action is a remedy to that undesired incident.

ngo5 zoi3 maai5 gwo3 bou6 din6 waa2

我再買過部電話。

I bought a phone again.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Predicative suffix Object
Part of speech Noun Adverb Verb Predicative suffix Noun
Words in sentence 部電話

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head 電話

 

ngo5 wui5 tung4 keoi5 jat1 cai4 zoi3 zou6 gwo3 fan6 bou3 gou3

我會同佢一齊再做過份報告。

I will do the report with him again.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence 同佢一齊再做過份報告

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate 1 Object 1 Adverbial 2 Predicate 2 Predicative suffix Object 2
Part of speech / Preposition Noun Adverb Verb Predicative suffix Noun
Words in sentence / 一齊; 再 份報告

 

Object 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head 報告

 

Aa3 maa1 cung4 san1 sai2 gwo3 di1 wun2

阿媽重新洗過啲碗。

My mum washed those dishes again.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Predicative suffix Object
Part of speech Noun Adverb Verb Predicative suffix Noun
Words in sentence 阿媽 重新 啲碗

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head

 

ngo5 pang4 jau5 soeng2 zoi3 hok6 gwo3 zaa1 ce1

我朋友想再學過揸車。

My friend wants to learn driving again.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence 我朋友 再學過揸車

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier
Head 朋友

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Predicative suffix Object
Part of speech / Adverb Verb Predicative suffix Clause
Words in sentence 揸車

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Verb Noun
Words in sentence /

 

ngo5 wai4 zo2 neoi5 pang4 jau5 soeng2 cung4 san1 hok6 gwo3 gwong2 dung1 waa2

我為咗女朋友想重新學過廣東話。

I want to learn Cantonese again for my girlfriend.

Type of sentence structure Predicative expression in series
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate 1 Object 1 Predicate 2 Object 2
Part of speech Noun Preposition Noun Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence 為咗 女朋友 重新學過廣東話

 

Object 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Predicative suffix Object
Part of speech / Adverb Verb Predicative suffix Noun
Words in sentence / 重新 廣東話

Reference

  1. 鄧思穎(2017)。粤語語法講義。香港:商務印書館,頁 91-92

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