U5L6 Adjective in inferior degree(低於級)

 

In this Cantonese grammar lesson, the method of indicating the subject is inferior than the object will be introduced.  The verb(動詞)冇[mou5] is used as the predicate to indicate that something is inferior comparing with something else by using an adjective(形容詞).

Keoi5 mou5 nei5 gam3 mung4 caa4 caa4

佢冇你咁蒙查查。

He is not as dumb as you do.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 你咁蒙查查

 

Object of that sentence

Types of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate
Part of speech Noun Pro-adverb Adjective
Words in sentence 蒙查查

 

Ngo5 mou5 nei5 gam3 ceon2

我冇你咁蠢。

I am not as stupid as you do.

Types of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate
Part of speech Sentence Pro-adverb Adjective
Words in sentence 我冇你

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence

 

Hoeng1 gong2 mou5 fei1 leot6 ban1 gam3 jit6

香港冇菲律賓咁熱。

Hong Kong is not as hot as Philippines.

Types of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate
Part of speech Sentence Pro-adverb Adjective
Words in sentence 香港冇菲律賓

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence 香港 菲律賓

 

hoeng1 gong2 ge3 hung1 hei3 mou5 hon4 gwok3 ge3 hung1 hei3 gam3 caa1

香港嘅空氣冇韓國嘅空氣咁差。

The air in Hong Kong is not as bad as the air in Korea.

Types of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate
Part of speech Sentence Pro-adverb Adjective
Words in sentence 香港嘅空氣冇韓國嘅空氣

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence 香港嘅空氣 韓國嘅空氣

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 香港
Head 空氣

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 韓國
Head 空氣

Using clause or complete sentence as the subject

You can also use a clause or a complete sentence as the subject.

ngo5 jing2 soeng2 mou5 keoi5 jing2 soeng2 gam3 leng3

我影相冇佢影相咁靚。

My photo taking is not as beautiful as his photo taking.

Types of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate
Part of speech Sentence Pro-adverb Adjective
Words in sentence 我影相冇佢影相

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Sentence Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 我影相冇 佢影相

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence

 

taai3 gwok3 jan4 zou6 je5 mou5 hoeng1 gong2 jan4 zou6 je5 gam3 gap1

泰國人做嘢冇香港人做嘢咁急。

Thai are not as rush as Hong Konger in doing things.

Types of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate
Part of speech Sentence Pro-adverb Adjective
Words in sentence 泰國人做嘢冇香港人做嘢

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Sentence Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 泰國人做嘢 香港人做嘢

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence 泰國人

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence 香港人

 

ngo5 zyu2 je5 sik6 mou5 cyu4 si1 zyu2 je5 sik6 gam3 hou2 mei6

我煮嘢食冇廚師煮嘢食咁好味。

My cooking is not as delicious as the chief’s cooking.

Types of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate
Part of speech Sentence Pro-adverb Adjective
Words in sentence 我煮嘢食冇廚師煮嘢食 好味

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Sentence Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 我煮嘢食 廚師煮嘢食

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence 嘢食

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence 廚師 嘢食

Reference

  1. 張洪年(2007)。香港粤語語法的研究(增訂版)。香港:中文大學出版社,頁 374-375。

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