U7L9 Particle 啊[aa3] in imperative sentence

 

In this Cantonese grammar lesson, the usage of using particle(助詞)啊[aa3] in imperative sentence(祈使句)will be introduced.  Having no specific meaning, particle 啊[aa3] can be used to soften an interrogative sentence, imperative sentence(祈使句)and sentences other than these two types of sentence.  Using 啊[aa3] in interrogative sentence is explained in Unit 8 Lesson 5 and using 啊[aa3] in sentences other than interrogative and imperative sentence will be explained in Unit 12 Lesson 1.

m4 hou2 cou4 aa3

唔好嘈啊。

Stop talking. (Literal meaning: Don’t be noisy)

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speech/AdverbAuxiliary verbVerbParticle
Words in sentence/

 

nei5 dei6 m4 hou2 king1 gai2 aa3

你哋唔好傾偈啊。

You should stop chatting.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAuxiliary verbVerbParticle
Words in sentence你哋傾偈

 

teng1 syu1 aa3

聽書啊。

Focus on the lesson.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speech/VerbNounParticle
Words in sentence/

 

tai2 ce1 aa3

睇車啊。

Watch the road.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speech/VerbNounParticle
Words in sentence/
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nei5 dei6 jiu3 kau3 on1 cyun4 daai2 aa3

你哋要扣安全帶啊。

You should buckle your seatbelt.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence你哋扣安全帶

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/安全帶

 

sik6 je5 zi1 cin4 jiu3 sai2 sau2 aa3

食嘢之前要洗手啊。

You should wash your hands before eating.

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateParticle
Part of speechNounClauseParticle
Words in sentence食嘢之前要洗手

 

Predicate of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/Auxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence/洗手

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

Paai4 deoi2 aa3

排隊啊。

Line up.

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateParticle
Part of speech/VerbParticle
Words in sentence/排隊-

 

m4 hou2 sik6 sau2 zi2 aa3

唔好食手指啊。

Don’t lick your finger.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speech/AdverbAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence/食手指

 

zou6 gung1 fo3 aa3

做功課啊。

Do your homework.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speech/VerbNounParticle
Words in sentence/功課

 

Reference

  1. 張洪年(2007)。香港粤語語法的研究(增訂版)。香港:中文大學出版社,頁 188-190
  2. 鄧思穎(2017)。粤語語法講義。香港:商務印書館,頁 279

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