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U8L3 Yes-no question(是非問句)

U8L3 Yes-no question(是非問句)

In this lesson, yes-no question(是非問句)will be introduced.  Unlike other interrogative sentences(疑問句), Yes-no question(是非問句)is a type of question that is created simply by using a particle(助詞)in the end of a sentence; you don’t need and you cannot use any interrogative pronoun(疑問代詞)in a yes-no question.  As you have not learnt about particles that can be used in interrogative sentence, the simplest particle for yes-no question, 呀[aa4] will be used in this lesson.  It will be explained thoroughly at Unit 8 Lesson 6.

nei5 mei6 sik6 faan6 aa4

你未食飯呀?

Have you eaten already?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbVerbNounParticle
Words in sentence

 

nei5 hai6 ceng1 tau4 zai2 aa4

你係青頭仔呀?

Are you a virgin?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounLinking verbNounParticle
Words in sentence青頭仔

 

nei5 m4 zung1 ji3 sik6 sai1 gwaa1 aa4

你唔中意食西瓜呀?

Don’t you like eating watermelon?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence中意食西瓜

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/西瓜

 

nei5 gam1 jat6 wui5 tung4 ngo5 jat1 cai4 faan1 uk1 kei2 aa4

你今日會同我一齊返屋企呀?

Will you go home with me today?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounNounAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence今日同我一齊返屋企

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Object 1AdverbialPredicate 2Object 2
Part of speech/PrepositionNounAdverbVerbNoun
Words in sentence/一齊屋企

 

nei5 m4 sik1 gong2 hon4 man2 aa4

你唔識講韓文呀?

Can’t you speak Korean?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence講韓文

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/韓文

 

nei5 zi1 cin4 heoi3 gwo3 jing1 gwok3 aa4

你之前去過英國呀?

Have you been to Britain before?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicatePredicative suffixCognate objectParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbVerbPredicative suffixNounParticle
Words in sentence之前英國

 

keoi5 dei6 m4 sik1 jau4 seoi2 aa4

佢哋唔識游水呀?

Don’t they know how to swim?

 

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAdverbAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence佢哋游水

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

keoi5 bou6 din6 waa2 m4 gin3 zo2 aa4

佢部電話唔見咗呀?

Has he lost his phone?

 

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixParticle
Part of speechNounAdjectivePredicative suffixParticle
Words in sentence佢部電話唔見

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head部電話

 

nei5 bei2 lou5 si1 fat6 aa4?

你畀老師罰呀?

Were you punished by the teacher?

 

Type of sentence structurePredicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Object 1Predicate 2Particle
Part of speechNounPrepositionNounVerbParticle
Words in sentence老師

 

Nei5 dei6 paak3 zo2 to1 saam1 go3 jyut6 aa4

你哋拍咗拖三個月呀?

You two have been dating for 3 months?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObjectCognate objectParticle
Part of speechNounVerbPredicative suffixNounNounParticle
Words in sentence你哋三個月

 

keoi5 tau1 zo2 nei5 zek3 biu1 aa4

佢偷咗你隻錶呀?

Has he stolen your watch?

 

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObjectParticle
Part of speechNounVerbPredicative suffixNounParticle
Words in sentence你隻錶

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier你隻
Head

 

keoi5 soeng2 jung6 keoi5 ge3 ciu1 nang4 lik6 bong1 jan4 aa4

佢想用佢嘅超能力幫人呀?

Does he want to help people with his superpower?

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObjectParticle
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbClauseParticle
Words in sentence用佢嘅超能力幫人

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative expression in series
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate 1Object 1Predicate 2Object 2
Part of speech/PrepositionNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence/佢嘅超能力

 

Object 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head超能力

 

Hoeng1 gong2 mou5 fei1 leot6 ban1 gam3 jit6 aa4

香港冇菲律賓咁熱呀?

Is Hong Kong not as hot as Philippines?

 

Types of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateParticle
Part of speechSentencePro-adverbAdjectiveParticle
Words in sentence香港冇菲律賓

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence香港菲律賓

 

keoi5 jam2 can1 zau2 zau6 wui5 jau5 man5 gam2 aa4

佢飲親酒就會有敏感呀?

Will he have allergic reaction whenever he drinks?

 

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceComplex sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2Particle
True valueUnknownTrueParticle
Words in sentence佢飲親酒就會有敏感

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObject
Part of speechNounVerbPredicative suffixNoun
Words in sentence

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speech/AdverbAuxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence/有敏感

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/敏感

 

Nei5 sik6 hoi1 ni1 zung2 tong2 aa4

你食開呢種糖呀?

Are you used to eat this candy?

 

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicatePredicative suffixObjectParticle
Part of speechNounVerbPredicative suffixNounParticle
Words in sentence呢種糖

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier呢種
Head

Reference

  1. 張洪年(2007)。香港粤語語法的研究(增訂版)。香港:中文大學出版社,頁 307

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