U8L4 Affirmative-negative question(正反問句)

 

In this Cantonese grammar lesson, affirmative-negative question(正反問句)will be introduced.  Affirmative-negative question(正反問句)is actually a disjunctive question(選擇問句)that offers the positive and the negative side of an action instead of offering two different options; it is asking the listener to choose either the positive or the negative side of that action.

nei5 ting3 jat6 soeng2 m4 soeng2 jat1 cai4 sik6 faan6

你聽日想唔想一齊食飯?

Do you want to eat together tomorrow?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentence Compound sentences
Components Sentence 1 Sentence 2
True value True False
Words in sentence 你聽日想 唔想一齊食飯

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Noun Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence 聽日 (一齊食飯)

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech / Adverb Verb Noun
Words in sentence / 一齊

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Noun; Adverb Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence (你) (聽日); 唔 一齊食飯

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech / Adverb Verb Noun
Words in sentence / 一齊

 

nei5 gei3 m4 gei3 dak1 ngo5 gaau3 gwo3 nei5 ge3 je5

你記唔記得我教過你嘅嘢?

Do you remember what I have taught you before?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentence Compound sentences
Components Sentence 1 Sentence 2
True value True False
Words in sentence 你記 唔記得我教過你嘅嘢

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence 記(得) (我教過你嘅嘢)

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 我教過你
Head

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Adverb Verb Noun
Words in sentence (你) 記得 我教過你嘅嘢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 我教過你
Head

 

nei5 soeng2 m4 soeng2 hok6 zuk1 wai4 kei2

你想唔想學捉圍棋?

Do you want to learn playing Go?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentence Compound sentences
Components Sentence 1 Sentence 2
True value True False
Words in sentence 你想 唔想學捉圍棋

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary Verb Clause
Words in sentence (學捉圍棋)

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence / 捉圍棋

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Verb Noun
Words in sentence / 圍棋

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Adverb Auxiliary Verb Clause
Words in sentence (你) 學捉圍棋

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence / 捉圍棋

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Verb Noun
Words in sentence / 圍棋

 

nei5 zi1 m4 zi1 nei5 zi6 gei2 zou6 gan2 faan6 faat3 ge3 je5

你知唔知你自己做𡁵犯法嘅嘢?

Do you know that you are doing something illegal?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentence Compound sentences
Components Sentence 1 Sentence 2
True value True False
Words in sentence 你知 唔知你自己做𡁵犯法嘅嘢

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence (你自己做𡁵犯法嘅嘢)

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 你自己做𡁵犯法
Head

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Adverb Verb Noun
Words in sentence (你) 你自己做𡁵犯法嘅嘢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 你自己做𡁵犯法
Head

 

go2 joeng6 je5 hou2 m4 hou2 sik6

嗰樣嘢好唔好食?

Is that delicious?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentence Compound sentences
Components Sentence 1 Sentence 2
True value True False
Words in sentence 嗰樣嘢好 唔好食

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate
Part of speech Noun Adjective
Words in sentence 嗰樣嘢 好(食)

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 嗰樣
Head

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subject-predicative
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate
Part of speech Noun Adverb Adjective
Words in sentence (嗰樣嘢) 好食

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Subordination
Modifier 嗰樣
Head

 

Reference

  1. 張洪年(2007)。香港粤語語法的研究(增訂版)。香港:中文大學出版社,頁 307-309

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