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U8L4 Affirmative-negative question(正反問句)

 

In this Cantonese grammar lesson, affirmative-negative question(正反問句)will be introduced.  Affirmative-negative question(正反問句)is actually a disjunctive question(選擇問句)that offers the positive and the negative side of an action instead of offering two different options; it is asking the listener to choose either the positive or the negative side of that action.

nei5 ting3 jat6 soeng2 m4 soeng2 jat1 cai4 sik6 faan6

你聽日想唔想一齊食飯?

Do you want to eat together tomorrow?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueFalse
Words in sentence你聽日想唔想一齊食飯

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speechNounNounAuxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence聽日(一齊食飯)

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speech/AdverbVerbNoun
Words in sentence/一齊

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speechNounNoun; AdverbAuxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence(你)(聽日); 唔一齊食飯

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speech/AdverbVerbNoun
Words in sentence/一齊

 

nei5 gei3 m4 gei3 dak1 ngo5 gaau3 gwo3 nei5 ge3 je5

你記唔記得我教過你嘅嘢?

Do you remember what I have taught you before?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueFalse
Words in sentence你記唔記得我教過你嘅嘢

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence記(得)(我教過你嘅嘢)

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier我教過你
Head

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAdverbVerbNoun
Words in sentence(你)記得我教過你嘅嘢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier我教過你
Head

 

nei5 soeng2 m4 soeng2 hok6 zuk1 wai4 kei2

你想唔想學捉圍棋?

Do you want to learn playing Go?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueFalse
Words in sentence你想唔想學捉圍棋

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAuxiliary VerbClause
Words in sentence(學捉圍棋)

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/Auxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence/捉圍棋

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/圍棋

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAdverbAuxiliary VerbClause
Words in sentence(你)學捉圍棋

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/Auxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence/捉圍棋

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/圍棋

 

nei5 zi1 m4 zi1 nei5 zi6 gei2 zou6 gan2 faan6 faat3 ge3 je5

你知唔知你自己做𡁵犯法嘅嘢?

Do you know that you are doing something illegal?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueFalse
Words in sentence你知唔知你自己做𡁵犯法嘅嘢

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence(你自己做𡁵犯法嘅嘢)

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier你自己做𡁵犯法
Head

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAdverbVerbNoun
Words in sentence(你)你自己做𡁵犯法嘅嘢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier你自己做𡁵犯法
Head

 

go2 joeng6 je5 hou2 m4 hou2 sik6

嗰樣嘢好唔好食?

Is that delicious?

Composite sentences

Type of composite sentenceCompound sentences
ComponentsSentence 1Sentence 2
True valueTrueFalse
Words in sentence嗰樣嘢好唔好食

 

Sentence 1 of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicate
Part of speechNounAdjective
Words in sentence嗰樣嘢好(食)

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier嗰樣
Head

 

Sentence 2 of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicate
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjective
Words in sentence(嗰樣嘢)好食

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier嗰樣
Head

 

Reference

  1. 張洪年(2007)。香港粤語語法的研究(增訂版)。香港:中文大學出版社,頁 307-309

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