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U1L7 To carry out an action in the future 會[wui5]

 

Introduction

In this Cantonese grammar lesson, auxiliary verb(助動詞)會[wui5] will be introduced.  To express an action will be carried out in the future, you need to use 會[wui5] as the predicate of a sentence.  You can revise auxiliary verb(助動詞)in Unit 1 Lesson 6.  The sentence structure being used in this lesson would be in the structure of subject-predicative(主謂式) or predicative-object (謂賓式).

Ngo5 wui5 heoi3

我會去。

am going to go.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Verb

Words in sentence

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Subject-predicative

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Part of speech

/

Verb

Words in sentence

/

 

Ngo5 wui5 sik6 faan6

我會食飯。

I am going to eat. 

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

食飯

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

 

Ngo5 wui5 zou6 gung1 fo3

我會做功課。

I am going to do the homework.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

做功課

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

功課

 

gung1 jan4 wui5 zyu2 faan6

工人會煮飯。

The housekeeper will cook.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

工人

煮飯

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

 

aa3 maa1 wui5 maai5 sung5

阿媽會買餸。

Mum will do the grocery.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

阿媽

買餸

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

 

keoi5 ting1 jat6 wui5 zou6 waan6 dung6

佢聽日會做運動。

She will exercise tomorrow.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

聽日

做運動

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

運動

 

ngo5 dei6 dang2 zan6 wui5 jat1 cai4 daa2 gei1

我哋等陣會一齊打機。

We will play video games together later.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Adverb

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

等陣

一齊打機

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Adverb

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

一齊

 

Negating

To negate these sentences, if there is no adverb in that sentence, you can simply negate with adverb(副詞)唔[m4]; if there is any adverb or predicative suffix(謂詞詞尾), you have to use auxiliary verb 係[hai6] with 唔[m4] to negate the sentence.

Ngo5 m4 wui5 faan1 hok6

我唔會返學。

I will not go to school.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Adverb

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

返學

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

 

Keoi5 m4 wui5 faan1 gung1

唔會返工。

He/she will not work.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Adverb

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

返工

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

 

keoi5 m4 hai6 ting1 jat6 wui5 zou6 waan6 dung6

佢唔係聽日會做運動。

She will not exercise tomorrow.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Adverb

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

聽日會做運動

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Noun

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

/

聽日

做運動

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

運動

 

gung1 jan4 m4 wui5 zyu2 faan6

工人唔會煮飯。

The housekeeper will not cook.

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Adverbial

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

Noun

Adverb

Auxiliary verb

Clause

Words in sentence

工人

煮飯

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure

Predicative-object

Functions in sentence

Subject

Predicate

Object

Part of speech

/

Verb

Noun

Words in sentence

/

 

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