U1L8 Using a complete sentence as an object

Introduction

In previous lesson, you have learnt how to use noun(名詞), verb(動詞), adjective(形容詞) and clause(分句)as an object of a sentence.  In this lesson, we are going to learn how to use a full sentence(完整句子)as an object of a sentence.

 

Using a full sentence as an object

A full sentence is a clause that possess an acting subject.  In general, verbs that are related with thinking or speaking will use a full sentence as an object.

Verbs related with thinking
Verbs Meanings
想[soeng2] Want to…
諗[nam2]/ 諗住[nam2 zyu6]/ 以為[ji5 wai4] Is thinking of…
中意[zung1 ji3] Like
憎[zang1] Hate
怕[paa3]/ 驚[geng1] Afraid of
值得[zik6 dak1] Worth doing
情願[cing4 jyun6] Would rather
預[jyu6]/ 預計[jyu6 gai3] To assume
信[seon3] To believe
希望[hei1 mong6] To hope
感覺[gam2 gok3] To feel

 

Verbs related with speaking

Verbs Meanings
話[waa6] To speak
問[man6] To ask

 

Ngo5 soeng2 nei5 dang2 ngo5

我想你等我。

I want you to wait for me.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 你等我

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence

Maa4 maa1 soeng2 ngo5 duk6 syu1

媽媽想我讀書。

My mum wants me to study.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 媽媽 我讀書

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence

 

ngo5 gam2 gok3 keoi5 m4 zung1 ji3 ngo5

我感覺佢唔中意我。

I feel that he/she/it doesn’t like me.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 感覺 佢唔中意我

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Adverb Verb Noun
Words in sentence 中意

 

ngo5 nam2 keoi5 dei6 ji1 gaa1 faan1 gan2 gung1

我諗佢哋依家返𡁵工。

I think they are working.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 佢哋依家返𡁵

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Predicative Suffix Noun
Part of speech Noun Adverb Verb Predicative Suffix Noun
Words in sentence 佢哋 依家 𡁵

 

ngo5 gu2 keoi5 dei6 jat1 cai4 paau2 gan2 bou6

我估佢哋一齊跑𡁵步。

I guess they are jogging together.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 佢哋一𡁵

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Predicative Suffix Noun
Part of speech Noun Adverb Verb Predicative Suffix Noun
Words in sentence 佢哋 𡁵

 

ngo5 hei1 mong6 gam1 jat6 hai6 sing1 kei4 ng5

我希望今日係星期五。

I hope today was Friday.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 希望 今日係星期五

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Noun
Part of speech Noun Verb Noun
Words in sentence 今日 星期五

 

Guessing(會)

In last lesson, you have learnt that 會[wui5] is used to describe action to be carried out in future as a predication.  Therefore, 會 is often used along with sentences related with guessing.

ngo5 gu2 keoi5 dei6 wui5 zung1 ji3 sik6 min6 baau1

我估佢哋會中意食麵包。

I guess that they will like eating bread.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 佢哋會中意食白麵包

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence 佢哋 中意食白麵包

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence / 中意 食白麵包

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Verb Noun
Words in sentence / 白麵包

 

ngo5 gok3 dak1 keoi5 m4 wui5 syu1

我覺得佢唔會輸。

I think that he/she will not lose.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 覺得 佢唔會輸

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Adverb Auxiliary verb Verb
Words in sentence

 

ngo5 hei1 mong6 ting1 jat6 m4 wui5 lok6 jyu5

我希望聽日唔會落雨。

I hope there will be no rain tomorrow.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 希望 聽日唔會落雨

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Adverbial Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Adverb Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence 聽日 落雨

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Verb Noun
Words in sentence /

 

keoi5 soeng1 seon3 ngo5 dei6 wui5 bong1 keoi5

佢相信我哋會幫佢。

They believe that we would help him.

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Verb Sentence
Words in sentence 相信 我哋會幫佢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech Noun Auxiliary verb Clause
Words in sentence 我哋 幫佢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structure Predicative-object
Functions in sentence Subject Predicate Object
Part of speech / Verb Noun
Words in sentence /

 

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