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U1L8 Using a complete sentence as an object

Introduction

In previous lesson, you have learnt how to use noun(名詞), verb(動詞), adjective(形容詞) and clause(分句)as an object of a sentence.  In this lesson, we are going to learn how to use a full sentence(完整句子)as an object of a sentence.

 

Using a full sentence as an object

A full sentence is a clause that possess an acting subject.  In general, verbs that are related with thinking or speaking will use a full sentence as an object.

Verbs related with thinking
VerbsMeanings
想[soeng2]Want to…
諗[nam2]/ 諗住[nam2 zyu6]/ 以為[ji5 wai4]Is thinking of…
中意[zung1 ji3]Like
憎[zang1]Hate
怕[paa3]/ 驚[geng1]Afraid of
值得[zik6 dak1]Worth doing
情願[cing4 jyun6]Would rather
預[jyu6]/ 預計[jyu6 gai3]To assume
信[seon3]To believe
希望[hei1 mong6]To hope
感覺[gam2 gok3]To feel

 

Verbs related with speaking

VerbsMeanings
話[waa6]To speak
問[man6]To ask

 

Ngo5 soeng2 nei5 dang2 ngo5

我想你等我。

I want you to wait for me.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence你等我

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence

Maa4 maa1 soeng2 ngo5 duk6 syu1

媽媽想我讀書。

My mum wants me to study.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence媽媽我讀書

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence

 

ngo5 gam2 gok3 keoi5 m4 zung1 ji3 ngo5

我感覺佢唔中意我。

I feel that he/she/it doesn’t like me.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence感覺佢唔中意我

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAdverbVerbNoun
Words in sentence中意

 

ngo5 nam2 keoi5 dei6 ji1 gaa1 faan1 gan2 gung1

我諗佢哋依家返𡁵工。

I think they are working.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence佢哋依家返𡁵

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicatePredicative SuffixNoun
Part of speechNounAdverbVerbPredicative SuffixNoun
Words in sentence佢哋依家𡁵

 

ngo5 gu2 keoi5 dei6 jat1 cai4 paau2 gan2 bou6

我估佢哋一齊跑𡁵步。

I guess they are jogging together.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence佢哋一𡁵

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicatePredicative SuffixNoun
Part of speechNounAdverbVerbPredicative SuffixNoun
Words in sentence佢哋𡁵

 

ngo5 hei1 mong6 gam1 jat6 hai6 sing1 kei4 ng5

我希望今日係星期五。

I hope today was Friday.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence希望今日係星期五

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateNoun
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence今日星期五

 

Guessing(會)

In last lesson, you have learnt that 會[wui5] is used to describe action to be carried out in future as a predication.  Therefore, 會 is often used along with sentences related with guessing.

ngo5 gu2 keoi5 dei6 wui5 zung1 ji3 sik6 min6 baau1

我估佢哋會中意食麵包。

I guess that they will like eating bread.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence佢哋會中意食白麵包

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence佢哋中意食白麵包

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/Auxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence/中意食白麵包

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/白麵包

 

ngo5 gok3 dak1 keoi5 m4 wui5 syu1

我覺得佢唔會輸。

I think that he/she will not lose.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence覺得佢唔會輸

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAdverbAuxiliary verbVerb
Words in sentence

 

ngo5 hei1 mong6 ting1 jat6 m4 wui5 lok6 jyu5

我希望聽日唔會落雨。

I hope there will be no rain tomorrow.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence希望聽日唔會落雨

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAdverbAuxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence聽日落雨

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

keoi5 soeng1 seon3 ngo5 dei6 wui5 bong1 keoi5

佢相信我哋會幫佢。

They believe that we would help him.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence相信我哋會幫佢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounAuxiliary verbClause
Words in sentence我哋幫佢

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speech/VerbNoun
Words in sentence/

 

That’s it for this Cantonese grammar lesson!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

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