Remember Hong Kong

Remember the heroic deed of the brave sacrificed themselves in The Battle of Hong Kong.

U2L11 Position word(位置詞)

In this lesson, we are going to learn how to describe a specific location by using the following position word according to structure of subordination(偏正式).

Position wordMeanings
頂 [deng2]on top of
底 [dai2]in the bottom of
邊 [bin1]at the sides
面 [min6]on the surface of
度 [dou6]indicating the proximity of that place
處 [syu3]indicating the proximity of that place

 

By combing a noun with these words, you can create a compound noun that would indicate certain areas in the vicinity of a specific place (which is the noun that you use for making such compound noun).  Similar with other nouns, it can be the subject or the object of a sentence.

Structure
Modifiers+Head
Position wordNouns

 

Out of all these positional words, 度 is the word with the highest using frequency due to its vagueness; it can be applied to everything and common sense is required to understand it.  The meaning and using of 度 and 處 is identical.  However, 處 is much more old-school than 度.

Both 頂 and 面 is referring to the top of a certain thing.  頂 is usually used when referring to a place where its top is pointy, for example 塔頂(the top of a tower).  On the other hand, 面 is usually used when referring to a place where its top is flat and smooth, for example 錶面(the top surface of a watch).

Uk1 deng2 jau5 zek3 zoek3 zai2

屋頂有隻雀仔。

There is a little bird on the rooftop.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence屋頂隻雀仔

 

Subject of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head雀仔

 

Ce1 dai2 jau5 zek3 gau2 zai2

車底有隻狗仔。

There is a puppy under the car.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence車底隻狗仔

 

Subject of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head狗仔

 

Hai2 dang1 taap3 deng2 ge3 fung1 ging2 hou2 leng3

喺燈塔頂嘅風景好靚。

There is beautiful view at the top of the lighthouse.

Type of sentence structureSubject-predicative
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicate
Part of speechNounAdverbAdjective
Words in sentence喺燈塔頂嘅風景

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier喺燈塔頂
Head風景

 

Nei5 fan6 jan4 gung1 hai2 wong4 siu2 ze2 dou6

你份人工喺黃小姐度。

Your salary can be taken from Mrs. Wong. (Literal meaning: Your salary is at Mrs. Wong’s place)

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence你份人工黃小姐度

 

Subject of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier你份
Head人工

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier黃小姐
Head

 

Lou6 bin1 jau5 deoi1 lau4 long6 maau1

路邊有堆流浪貓。

There is a group of feral cats beside the road.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence路邊堆流浪貓

 

Subject of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head流浪貓

 

toi2 min2 jau5 jat1 fan6 lai5 mat6

枱面有一份禮物。

There is a gift on the table.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence枱面一份禮物

 

Subject of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier一份
Head禮物

Using determinatives with these position word

As you have learnt previously, demonstrative determinatives(指示性定詞)呢[ni1] and 嗰[go2] have to be used with a counter(量詞).  However, you can also replace the counter with position word 邊[bin1], 面[min6], 度[dou6] and 處[syu3]. 

ni1 dou6 hai6 naam4 ci3

呢度係男廁。

Here is male’s toilet.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence呢度男廁

 

Subject of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

Go2 bin1 hai6 hoeng1 gong2 dou2

嗰邊係香港島。

That is Hong Kong Island over there.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbNoun
Words in sentence嗰邊香港島

 

Subject of that sentence

Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

 

Ngo5 gu2 keoi5 cin4 jat6 heoi3 zo2 go2 dou6

我估佢前日去咗嗰度。

I guess that he/she went there the day before yesterday.

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectPredicateObject
Part of speechNounVerbSentence
Words in sentence佢前日去咗嗰度

 

Object of that sentence

Type of sentence structurePredicative-object
Functions in sentenceSubjectAdverbialPredicatePredictive suffixObject
Part of speechNounNounVerbPredictive suffixNoun
Words in sentence前日嗰度

 

Object of that sentence
Type of sentence structureSubordination
Modifier
Head

Reference

  1. 張洪年(2007)。香港粤語語法的研究(增訂版)。香港:中文大學出版社,頁 323-325。

That’s it for this Cantonese grammar lesson!  If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times.  It will empower us to create more useful contents for you in the future!

Leave a Reply

  • Newsletters

    Sign up and subscribe our newsletters for lessons and products update, promotional offers and giveaway

  • ×

    Cart

    Sign up and subscribe our newsletters for lessons and products update, promotional offers and giveaway